PreColumbian Museum of Chile. Click and Drag Photo to resize.
This piece is from the Chimu Culture, estimated to have been created from 1200 to 1600 A.D. It features two, very long billed, delta winged, tailed, flying creatures with prominent eye ridges sitting atop a pole. Because of the features just enumerated, a pterosaur is a possible identification. Perhaps pterosaurs did not become extinct millions of years ago.
Alternative indentifications include, pelicans, parrots, herons and the frigate bird among others. Most of these birds have shorter necks and/or bills than the creatures represented here.
These "creatures" have their wings pressed forward across their chests which is not an easy position for a bird obtain, but one which would be relatively easy for a pterosaurid.
Also, again, the eye ridges are particularly reptilian rather than bird-like in our unexpert opinion.
From: emuseum.mankato Click and drag photo to resize. The Chimu civilization lasted from 1100 AD to the late 1400's AD. The Chimu state was characterized by conquest and expansion periods of the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries.
At one time, the Chimu empire encompassed 620 square miles. Minchancamon was the greediest and coincidentally the last leader of the Chimu state.
His quest for dominance, built on by his predecessors, resulted in the conquest of the Sican state to the north. In their quest for expansion, the Chimu encountered the Inca to the south. The Chimu conflict with the Inca began in 1462, and the Inca eventually prevailed. The Inca conquered the Chimu state in 1475 - 1476.
The entire Chimu state was absorbed into the Tawantinsuyu community and resettled in the city of Cuzco to serve its new Inca rulers.
The animated graphic below, left is a s8int.com extrapolation and is of course
unscientific and completely amateurish. Enjoy!
The Chimu were well known for their elaborate irrigation systems. These systems provided a great deal of water for an ordinarily dry and arid land.
The longest of these irrigation canals extended twenty miles from the Chicama Valley to the capital city of Chan Chan.
The Inca technique of overwhelming the Chimu was to take out the intricate canal/irrigation system and divert the water back to the canal from whence it came.
The focus of the Chimu state was the city of Chan Chan. The Chimu state consisted of a hierarchically, highly organized, strict social class system. This system consisted of the nobles and the commoners.
It is estimated that the population of Chan Chan was around 70,000 people. This estimation is based on the amount of water wells and the notably densely populated areas of the Chimu times.
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