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Dinosaurs In Literature, History and Art:
Luristan Culture (Iran/Persia) Silvered Bronze Pterosaur from 600 to 800 B.C.?... Page 49

Paleocryptozoologist and creationist in his oft-quoted 1998 paper entitled: The Rhamphorhynchoid Pterosaur, Scaphognathus crassirostris: A "Living Fossil" Until the 17th Century", says the following:

"There is evidence that pterosaurs may have flown the skies a couple thousand years ago. There are numerous depictions precise enough to identify the pterosaur species, Scaphognathus crassirostris, from several cultures of antiquity. Since that species is the only long-tailed species with a head crest, it is readily identified."

We tried to find a current picture of an "S" with a headcrest in order to compare it to our "piece", but there were virtually no references to a headcrest on the "S" in secular sources. The high percentage of drawings of the Scaphognathus depict it without a crest.

One of the few secular sources that mention the headcrest says the following:

"The basal pterosaur, Scaphognathus crassirostris by Copyright, Jaime Headden (Pencil, 2D Digital)
Based on the holotype with inferences on the hindlegs and tail scaled from a juvenile referred to the species. The tail shows elongated mid-caudal prezygapophyses, but these are not expanded into the Rhamphorhynchus-like, dromaeosaurid-like tail; the "rudder" is added based on other "rhamphorhynchoid" pterosaurs, also preserved in the juvenile. The head of the holotype suggests there may be the base of a tall, bony crest, and this is restored here following Austriadactylus, though it is very hypothetical and likely wrong.

The crest, shown in the drawing to the right, does not match "Goertzen's" as he has deduced from ancient sources. Here at we won't assert a particular species of pterosaur. We make note that this particular pterosaur type has been recurrently depicted at various times in ancient history.

The silvered bronze artifact below is from the Luristan culture, and is estimated to be 2,600 to 2,800 years old.

Ancient pterosaur
LURISTAN, c. 600 BC, Silvered Bronze Pin of Mythological Winged Bird Design. Source:

Ancient pterosaur

Left, A dragon was said to live in the wetlands near Rome in December, 1691. The animal lived in a cave and terrorized the local population. A sketch of the skeleton has survived in the possession of Ingegniero Cornelio Meyer (above, left). The most remarkable thing about the animal is the clear head crest and the dual piece of skin from the crest.

Five digits were clearly visible for each foot, of the proper length and with the first shorter and offset from the rest as is proper for the S. The upper arm bone can be seen at the front of the wing as well as the hint of the prototagium (in front of the lighter colored upper arm of the near wing).

There is a hint of a wing claw on the far wing where it curves forward. The tail vane is not visible, however that is not a skeletal feature and the dermal layer does not appear to have been preserved there....John Goertzen.

Right. Graphic from an ancient egyptian seal depicting an "S" attacking an antelope... John Goertzen.

See page 30 For a series of additional, similar ancient depictions.

Rhamphorhynchoid pterosaur fossil.
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