Dinosaurs in Literature, Art & History... Page 43
Dinosaurs in Literature, Art & History... Page 43

A Mayan Pterosaur (Tapejara) at Palenque, Genesis of the Mothman?

I find that sometimes people have a narrow view of what Christians might be interested in. I remember a friend of mine resisted becoming a Christian because he liked jazz and thought he's have to throw away his records. He eventually did become a Christian and still plays his jazz. (Maybe he did have to edit his collection).

I say this because we're doing another dinosaur in literature selection and we're again referencing "Mothman". That's because we have a theory that Mothman, Owlman, Batsquatch etc. have sometimes been sightings of the still very much alive pterosaur.

Some Christians have no use for this topic and we understand that. Here at s8int.com, our interest in the various topics we cover and the phenomenal world is not diminished by our Christianity, though our viewpoint on them often is impacted by it.

Mayan Man with pterosaur headress.

Here we present a Mayan artifact featuring a headpiece with the "unmistakeable" head of a pterosaur. The head is recognizable as perhaps a Tapejara, a type of pterosaur found in Brazil with a variety of huge headcrests. The Mayans frequently created pieces showing a man with an elaborate headress featuring an animal or multiple animals. Keep in mind that the pterosaurs we see in current representations are almost entirely from the imaginations of artists who've only seen fragments of bones and skulls. See a prior Mayan pterosaur headress here

This piece at the Palenque Museum in Mexico is between 1200 and 2000 years old. It is reptilian, has an astounding headcrest, an extended prong on the back of the head, and a recognizable pterosaur downturned bill and "horrible" face.

S8int.com will make the case that it is a pterosaur head, graphically, provide articles describing certain pterosaur types in South America and provide a few eyewitness descriptions to show why we believe they could be describing living pterosaurs.

Here we're not trying to convince anyone that this is in fact a tapejara pterosaur, just that it is a type of pterosaur (there is a huge diversity of types. )We believe we've proven in this section that man and dinosaur co-existed, but we understand that some of the "evidence" presented is more convincing than other pieces of "evidence". As usual, you'll have to decide for yourself if we've proven the case.



Tapejara was a type of marine pterosaur, a flying reptile. The first known pterosaurs from the Triassic, such as Peteinosaurus, were already well-developed flying reptiles. Most palaentologists consider that pterosaurs are close cousins of the dinosaurs, but the absence of transitional forms makes this not entirely certain.

Tapejara was typical of later pterosaurs in that it had only a very short tail. The end of its jaw is directed downwards at the front, like a bird's beak. It had a remarkable head crest, up to a metre (over 3 feet) tall.

It is possible it used this for display purposes, as a male peacock would use its tail feathers.

Its name means "The Old Being". This comes from the mythology of the original habitants of Brazil, the Tupi Indians. ....Walking with Dinosaurs



Click Here for drawing of Tapejaridae

The Tapejara genus showed wide diversity in size, and each species bore a differntly sized/shaped crest that may have been used to signal and display for other Tapejara, much as toucans use their bright bills to signal to one another.

Tapejara crests usually consisted of a semicircular crest over the snout, and a bony prong whch extended back behind the head (though T. navigans lacked this prong).

s8int.com's ptero takes flight.

The largest species, T. imperator, sported another long, thin prong that extended from the snout crest. Soft tissue impressons show that in T. imperator and T. navigans (and probably T. wellnhoferi as well), these two distinct prongs supported an even larger crest made of a keratinous material.

In T. imperator, the complete crest joined the fore and aft bony prongs. Even in T. navigans, which lacked bony prongs almost entirely, the full crest rose in a sharp, sail-like "dome" high above the rest of the skull.....Source: http://www.dinosauromorpha.de/nondinosaurian_gallery.htm



Fossils Reveal Prehistoric Flying Giants



The giant reptiles that flew above the earth until about 65 million years ago could have grown to twice the size originally thought with wingspans of at least 18 metres,(approx. 60 feet) a palaeontologist says.

That would be almost the same width as the 19.5 metre fully-extended wingspan of an F-14 Tomcat fighter aircraft and roughly five times bigger than an albatross, which ranks among the birds with the largest wingspans in the modern world.

Photo:Brazilian scientists Alexander Kellner (l) and Diogenes de Almeida Campos examine a pterosaur fossil in Brazil, July 2002. (Reuters)Right. Mayan pterosaur

Dr David Martill of the University of Portsmouth in southern England, says his research on pterosaur wings appeared to solve the problem of how such enormous creatures managed to take to the skies and stay there.

Recent fossil finds in Mexico and Israel added weight to the theory that this prehistoric, flying reptile, which became extinct at the same time as the dinosaurs, could have been much bigger than many had realised.

"We haven't officially announced this yet but it might have been two times bigger," he told journalists at the British Association for the Advancement of Science's annual festival in the Irish capital.

'Big fragments'

Dr Martill says fellow academic and collaborator Dr. Eberhard "Dino" Frey of the Natural History museum in Karlsruhe in Germany, had recently found distinctive fossilised footprints in Mexico pointing to a creature with a wingspan "in excess of 18 metres" (60 feet).

"Even though they are just fragments they are bloody big fragments," he said of the fossils.

"We also have finger bones with really rather magnificent diameters."

Despite its size, Dr Martill believes his studies of the bone structure and tissue of a pterosaur wing show it could have flown "really rather elegantly".

"The wing membrane is really very, very thin," he said, adding the samples were about 0.5 millimetre thick.

"One of the other things we found out that was excitingly new was a very different shoulder joint."

Wing structure

The elaborate structure of the wing, more like that of a bat than a bird, combined with hollow bones and a body not much bigger than a human torso would have kept weight to a minimum.

"One imagines that the take-off problems were less ... particularly if you add the fact that they were very, very lightly constructed to this enormous wing membrane area," he said.

Dr Martill says he has established the wing was locked into the bottom of the body rather than the top, providing a greater surface area to benefit from the thermal air currents that give lift during flight.

More cumbersome would have been the neck, stretching to three metres in length and attached to a skull that could have added an additional two metres.

Although not very aerodynamic, it might have allowed the pterosaur to pick up prey from the sea without flying dangerously close, Dr Martill says.

As for why they grew so big, it could have been a function of age: "One of the reasons might be that they just kept on growing," rather than reaching an adult size when growth stops.


The Mothman-Pterosaur Connection; A Quick Review

The Story of Mothman

The first sighting came in the early 1960s. A woman was driving along Route 2, near the Ohio River, with her father. As she neared the Chief Cornstalk Hunting Grounds, a large man-shaped figure walked out onto the road. As the woman slowed her car, the figure spread two large wings and took off.

Ironically, the witness did not report the incident - "Who would believe us, anyway?"

The first sighting which received publicity, though, was one in 1965. A woman living near the Ohio River related how her son had told her one day of seeing "an angel" outside. She thought nothing more of it until about a year later.

In the summer of 1966, a doctor's wife in the same general area said that she had seen a six-foot long thing resembling a "giant butterfly".

The weird events connected to the Mothman began on November 12, 1966 near Clendenin, West Virginia. Five men were in the local cemetery that day, preparing a grave for a burial, when something that looked like a brown human being lifted off from some nearby trees and flew over their heads. The men were baffled. It did not appear to be a bird, but more like a man with wings.

Late in the evening of November 15, two young married couples had a very strange encounter as they drove past an abandoned TNT plant near Point Pleasant, West Virginia.

The couples spotted two large eyes that were attached to something that was "shaped like a man, but bigger, maybe six or seven feet tall. And it had big wings folded against its back".

When the creature moved toward the plant door, the couples panicked and sped away.

Moments later, they saw the same creature on a hillside near the road. It spread its wings and rose into the air, following with their car, which by now was traveling at over 100 miles per hour. The bird seemd to fly as fast as the car and followed them down Highway 62 and right to the Point Pleasant city limits.

The next night, Mr. and Mrs. Roger Scarberry and Mr. and Mrs. Steve Mallette were driving near the "TNT Area", near the town of Point Pleasant.

A tall figure stood by the side of the road. "It was shaped like a man, but bigger," said Mr. Scarberry. "Maybe six and a half or seven feet tall. And it had big wings folded against its back." His wife commented on its huge red eyes, "like automobile reflectors."

The area is also sparsely populated. One of the families living in the area is that of Ralph Thomas. On the 16th, at about 9:00 pm, Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Wamsley, Mrs. Marcella Bennett, and Mrs. Bennett's daughter, Tina, were visiting the Thomases. On the way there, they watched a red light which circled the TNT Area. When the car pulled up in front of the Thomas', it disturbed something.

It seemed as if it had been lying down. It rose up slowly from the ground. A big gray thing. Bigger than a man, with terrible glowing red eyes.

Paul Yoder and Ben Enochs, two firemen, said they had seen Mothman in the TNT Area on the 18th. Richard West, of Charleston, called the police on November 21. A winged figure was sitting on the roof of his neighbor's house, he said. The six-foot tall figure had a wingspan of six or eight feet and red eyes. It took off straight up, "like a helicopter."

Tom Ury was driving along Route 62, near the TNT Area, on the morning of November 25. He saw a large, grayish figure standing in a field. Then it spread two large wings, lifted straight into the air, and flew over Ury's car at an altitude "three telephone poles high"--probably about 50 or 60 feet.

The next day, Mrs. Ruth Foster of St. Albans said the creature was standing in her yard near her porch. Her description tallys with West's. The same day, people in Lowell, Ohio, saw several large birds flying over Cat's Creek.

The three witnesses followed the birds in their car and said that they were "...dark brown with some light flecks. Their breasts were gray and they had five- or six-inch bills, straight, not curved like those of hawks or vultures." The birds seemed to have reddish heads. .... - The Complete Guide To Mysterious Beings by John Keel

Pterosaurs in Texas

While driving his cruiser through the wee hours one morning 1976, Policeman Arturo Padilla of San Benito, Texas, spotted something unusual in his headlights. It looked like a big bird.

A really big bird. A few minutes later Padilla’s fellow officer, Homer Galvan, reported it also. It appeared as a black silhouette that glided through the air. According to Galvan, it never even flapped its wings.

A short time later Alverico Guajardo, a resident of Brownsville, Texas, reported he'd heard a thumping noise outside his mobile home at about nine-thirty at night.

When he looked out the door, he saw a monstrous bird standing in his yard. "It's like a bird, but it's not a bird," he said. "That animal is not from this world."

The sighting of the strange bird didn’t end with the reports from Guajardo and the two policemen. Two sisters told of seeing a "big black bird" with "a face like a bat" near a pond outside of Brownsville.

Reports of this creature continued to multiply in the early months of 1976 until finally a radio station offered a reward for the creature's capture. Soon after, a television station broadcast a picture of an alleged bird track measuring some twelve inches in length.

Thermal Ca.

It happened in Thermal, CA, in 1983. Her parents had a farm and their dog, Duke (Doberman Pincher) was tied to a leash, barking violently. They let him go, thinking that it was a coyote or rabbit.

The dog ran around the house, but stopped short and continued to bark. Both my friend and her sister ran toward the dog and in front of them stood a 6-foot winged, featherless creature. The body was very muscular, like a man. But the skin was leathery like an elephant. It had long nails at the end of its toes. The head was the shape of a pterodactyl with red bulging eyes and protruding bone in the front and back of its head.

Giant "Bird" Grabs Deer

Another view of Mayan "Mothman.

Driving through the Algerines, Russ Powers, Jr. and Denny Eckley stopped for deer crossing the road at Bear Run. As they watched, they saw a bird with wings that "spanned the forest road." The deer bolted into the surrounding woods, except the yearling that stood on the road. Out of nowhere the bird attacked, ripping the yearling's vital areas, and turned to look at them. It flew off struggling with its kill before disappearing above the trees.


Powers described the bird as having: "a longer and less hooked beak than an eagle, dark grayish brown plumage, thick legs, talons larger than a man's hand, and grayish legs." The head was flat with "feathers, like on a chick." The bird stood "eye level with us" and had wings as wide as the forest road, approximately 14-16 feet.

"According to her story, Connie, a shy, sensitive eighteen- year-old, was driving home from church at 10:30 A.M. on Sunday, November 27, 1966, when, as she passed the deserted greens of Mason County Golf Course outside New Haven, West Virginia, she suddenly saw a huge gray figure.

It was shaped like a man, she said, but much larger. It was at least SEVEN FEET TALL and very broad. The thing that attracted her attention was not its size but its eyes. IT HAD, SHE SAID, LARGE, ROUND, FIERCELY GLOWING RED EYES THAT FOCUSED ON HER WITH HYPNOTIC EFFECT……… MOTHMEN PROPHECIES'

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