Posts Tagged ‘parasaurolophus’

Video: Dinosaurs and Man; The Lands That Darwin Forgot..Episodes 1-8

Church of Darwin, Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, Religious, s8int.com, Science, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Oct 28 2010

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Darwin and time forgot the co-existence of man and dinosaurs but it is reflected in the art of ancient peoples. The variety and repetitive discoveries of known dinosaur and pterosaur species offer proof that Darwinism is a lie; all species of animals on this planet have lived concurrently with man.

The proof of this assertion is explored in eight episodes. The Series; The Lands That time Forgot”.
(Note this is not a real series….Its a s8int.com conceit)

And God created the great dragons…

And man memorialized these creatures; great and small; in exquisite detail. That is why these examinations will never be popular. everything that we’ve been told is true by materialistic sources–is untrue–and that is impossible in that world view.

Link to Video; Dinosaurs and Man; The Lands That Darwin Forgot..Episodes 1-8

Note: No actual, horses, dogs or dinosaurs were hurt or harmed in the making of this movie….

You Wanted My Rationale So We’re Here at a Museum
My Reasons Are Many But I wanted You To See One
This Placard Proclaims it a 2000 Year Old “Mythical” Creature
But It’s A Dinosaur-Dead 65M Years-If Darwin’s Your Teacher
The Real Answers Are in Genesis But the Wise Have Been Fooled
That is One Reason, My Son, That You Are Being Home Schooled

Church of Darwin, Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, Religious, s8int.com, Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Oct 15 2010

Photo:Viewing a “Sumerian stone head of a mythical creature, Mesopotamia, Circa 2000 BC” on Sale at Auction in November 2009. Source: Mossgreen.

Sumerian Unicorn?

This piece was exhibited in an Auction catalogue for Fiine Arts auction that took place last year. (Fine Australian & International Art & Antiques ) It appears to have been purchased at the minimum bid of $148.38 by an unknown bidder. The auction house identified the piece as that of a “mythical creature” from Mesopotamia, circa 2,000 B.C. (Size 5cm)

Far from being “mythical”, this piece of ancient art very clearing and in exacting detail pictures a hadrosaurine dinosaur, probably a saurolophus. The parasaurolophus hadrosaurine dinosaur is another possible identification because they were virtually identical to saurolophus in size and head structure. The parasaurolophus had the longer horn. Para means similar or like, so the name parasaurolophus was given to this creature because it was so similar to saurolophus.

Did dinosaurs become extinct 65 million years ago? Why then do accurate representations of them appear in the art of ancient peoples? This piece proves that man and dinosaur co-existed. Given the headgear of these dinosaurs, if they lived in the time of man they are excellent candidates for the “Unicorn” position. After all, unicorn merely means “one horn”.

Saurolophus

“Saurolophus is a genus of large hadrosaurine duckbill that lived about 69.5-68.5 million years ago, in the Late Cretaceous of North America (Canada) and Asia (Mongolia); it is one of the few genera of dinosaurs known from multiple continents. It is distinguished by a spike-like crest which projects up and back from the skull. Saurolophus was a herbivorous dinosaur which could move about either bipedally or quadrupedally.

The type species, S. osborni, was described by Barnum Brown in 1912. The other valid species, S. angustirostris, lived in Asia, and was described by Anatoly Konstantinovich Rozhdestvensky. A third species is considered dubious.

Saurolophus is known from material including nearly complete skeletons, giving researchers a clear picture of its bony anatomy. S. osborni, the rarer Albertan species, was around 9.8 meters long (32 feet), with its skull a meter long (3.3 feet).It weight is estimated at 1.9 tonnes (2.1 tons).[ S. angustirostris, the Mongolian species, was larger; the type skeleton is roughly 12 meters long (39.4 ft), and larger remains are reported Aside from size, the two species are virtually identical, with differentiation hindered by lack of study.


The most distinctive feature of Saurolophus is its cranial crest, which is present in young individuals but is smaller. It is long and spike-like and projects upward and backward at about a 45 degree angle, starting from over the eyes.

This crest is often described as solid, but appears to be solid only at the point, with internal chambers that may have had a respiratory and/or heat-regulation function.

Discovery and History

Barnum Brown recovered the first described remains of Saurolophus in 1911, including a nearly complete skeleton (AMNH 5220). Now on display in the American Museum of Natural History, this skeleton was the first nearly complete dinosaur skeleton from Canada. It was found in rocks of early Maastrichtian age, in the Upper Cretaceous Horseshoe Canyon Formation (then known as the Edmonton Formation) near Tolman Ferry on the Red Deer River in Alberta.

Brown wasted little time in describing his material, giving it its own subfamily. Saurolophus was an important early reference for other hadrosaurs, as seen in the names of Prosaurolophus (“before Saurolophus”) and Parasaurolophus (“near Saurolophus”). However, little additional material has been recovered and described.

Instead, more abundant remains from Asia have provided more data.”…Wikipedia

Apocrypha: Bel and the Dragon Chapter 1
Mesopotamia

1 And king Astyages was gathered to his fathers, and Cyrus of Persia received his kingdom. 2 And Daniel conversed with the king, and was honoured above all his friends.

3 Now the Babylons had an idol, called Bel, and there were spent upon him every day twelve great measures of fine flour, and forty sheep, and six vessels of wine. 4 And the king worshipped it and went daily to adore it: but Daniel worshipped his own God. And the king said unto him, Why dost not thou worship Bel?

5 Who answered and said, Because I may not worship idols made with hands, but the living God, who hath created the heaven and the earth, and hath sovereignty over all flesh.

6 Then said the king unto him, Thinkest thou not that Bel is a living God? seest thou not how much he eateth and drinketh every day? 7 Then Daniel smiled, and said, O king, be not deceived: for this is but clay within, and brass without, and did never eat or drink any thing.

Graphic:Mesopotamian cylinder seal from 3,300 B.C. The Lovre.
8 So the king was wroth, and called for his priests, and said unto them, If ye tell me not who this is that devoureth these expences, ye shall die. 9 But if ye can certify me that Bel devoureth them, then Daniel shall die: for he hath spoken blasphemy against Bel. And Daniel said unto the king, Let it be according to thy word.

10 Now the priests of Bel were threescore and ten, beside their wives and children. And the king went with Daniel into the temple of Bel. 11 So Bel’s priests said, Lo, we go out: but thou, O king, set on the meat, and make ready the wine, and shut the door fast and seal it with thine own signet; 12 And to morrow when thou comest in, if thou findest not that hath eaten up all, we will suffer death, or else Daniel, that speaketh falsely against us.

13 And they little regarded it: for under the table they had made a privy entrance, whereby they entered in continually, and consumed those things. 14 So when they were gone forth, the king set meats before Bel. Now Daniel had commanded his servants to bring ashes, and those they strewed throughout all the temple in the presence of the king alone: then went they out, and shut the door, and sealed it with the king’s signet, and so departed.

15 Now in the night came the priests with their wives and children, as they were wont to do, and did eat and drinck up all. 16 In the morning betime the king arose, and Daniel with him. 17 And the king said, Daniel, are the seals whole? And he said, Yea, O king, they be whole.

18 And as soon as he had opened the door, the king looked upon the table, and cried with a loud voice, Great art thou, O Bel, and with thee is no deceit at all.

19 Then laughed Daniel, and held the king that he should not go in, and said, Behold now the pavement, and mark well whose footsteps are these. 20 And the king said, I see the footsteps of men, women, and children. And then the king was angry, 21 And took the priests with their wives and children, who shewed him the privy doors, where they came in, and consumed such things as were upon the table.

22 Therefore the king slew them, and delivered Bel into Daniel’s power, who destroyed him and his temple.
23 And in that same place there was a great dragon, which they of Babylon worshipped.

24 And the king said unto Daniel, Wilt thou also say that this is of brass? Lo, he liveth, he eateth and drinketh; thou canst not say that he is no living god: therefore worship him.

25 Then said Daniel unto the king, I will worship the Lord my God: for he is the living God. 26 But give me leave, O king, and I shall slay this dragon without sword or staff. The king said, I give thee leave.
27 Then Daniel took pitch, and fat, and hair, and did seethe them together, and made lumps thereof: this he put in the dragon’s mouth, and so the dragon burst in sunder : and Daniel said, Lo, these are the gods ye worship.

See Also Did Ancient Americans Ride the Parasaurolophus Dinosaur?-Or Did They Just Exaggerate the Size of Their Sheep?

Did Ancient Americans Ride the Parasaurolophus Dinosaur?-Or Did They Just Exaggerate the Size of Their Sheep?

Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, s8int.com, Science, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Apr 26 2010

Photo: Ancient Native American Petroglyph Near El Paso, Texas. Click to View larger Version
Annual report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the secretary…..1886 I came across some of the Oakley glyph but.. it was described elsewhere as being four feet by six feet and I didn’t see the portion with the man, beast and reptile.

However, I did began look around in the book and soon found a drawing of a tattoo that looked like a bi-pedal dinosaur. The writer said that it was a fierce wolf-like creature that roamed the mountains.

Still in pursuit of the Oakley Petroglyph, I came upon Picture-Writing Of The American Indians V1 By Garrick Mallery which had a nice reproduction of a portion of the Oakley glyph. Either this was still not the portion described as featuring beasts, reptiles and a man or there just wasn’t anything very exciting there.

Photo: Comparison to Parasaurolophus. Click to View larger Version
On page 116 of that same book there is a very curious ancient petroglyph from the El Paso Texas area. It showed Native Americans on the backs of two creatures that clearly dwarfed them. Two creatures with distinctive horns as we will show.

Some may say that they represent big horned sheep; some may say buffalo. I say that they are more or less the spitting image in terms of profile and scale of parasaurolophus, a “duck-billed” dinosaur. However, the two Native American gentleman are 1)laying prone on the back of one creature and 2)standing upright on the creatures backs; an impossible feat on a bighorned sheep and a dangerous and impossible one on a buffalo. In point of fact, the drawing may even show a stool by which means our rider was able to climb aboard.

The parasaurolophus however, is thought to have been a docile vegetarian and was certainly large enough to accomodate either a prone or a standing Native American on its back. As you know, our section Dinosaurs In Literature, Art and History has been presented to prove that “dinosaurs” did not live millions of years ago but rather within historical time. We have the art, the history and the literature of ancient peoples to prove that.

Of note on this topic is this quote from the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science:

“The duck-billed dinosaurs Parasaurolophus and Kritosaurus and the horned dinosaur Pentaceratops were the most common dinosaurs living in northwestern New Mexico during the Late Cretaceous. An extremely important specimen of Parasaurolophus, discovered in 1995, is on display at the museum”.

El Paso, the location of this petroglyph was from 1680 to 1950 a part of New Mexico-not Texas and the areas are in close proximity to each other.

Photo:Big Horned sheep and parasaurolophus


Parasaurolophus meaning “near crested lizard” in reference to Saurolophus is a genus of ornithopod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Period of what is now North America, about 76-73 million years ago. It was a herbivore that walked both as a biped and a quadruped. Three species are recognized: P. walkeri (the type species), P. tubicen, and the short-crested P. cyrtocristatus. Remains are known from Alberta (Canada), and New Mexico and Utah (USA). It was first described in 1922 by William Parks from a skull and partial skeleton in Alberta.

Parasaurolophus is a hadrosaurid, part of a diverse family of Cretaceous dinosaurs known for their range of bizarre head adornments. This genus is known for its large, elaborate cranial crest, which at its largest forms a long curved tube projecting upwards and back from the skull. Charonosaurus from China, which may have been its closest relative, had a similar skull and potentially a similar crest. The crest has been much discussed by scientists; the consensus is that major functions included visual recognition of both species and sex, acoustic resonance, and thermoregulation. It is one of the rarer duckbills, known from only a handful of good specimens.

See Also: A Few (of Many) Other Native American Dinosaurs:

Companion article:”Did Ancient Americans Hunt Sauropod Dinosaurs-or Did They Just Draw Bison with Really Long Necks?

Authenticated Poinsett County Arkansas Corythosaurus/Hypacrosaurus from 400 to 700 Years Ago?

Anasazi Dinosaur Motif On Pottery

Shang Dynasty, Jade Piece is a Lambeosaurine Dinosaur?

Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, s8int.com, Science, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Mar 06 2009

This objet d’art is posted for sale on the internet. The text at the bottom of this post is a verbatim quote from the site. It is the opinion of the sellers of this ancient Shang Dynasty object that it is a representation of a dinosaur. There suggestion was tyrannosaur but we think that it very closely matches the lambeosaurine dinosaurs.(This piece now is in the Genesis Park Collection)

Charonosaurus, saurolophus and parasaurolophus were three very large lambeosaurine dinosaurs which are virtually indistinquishable from each other, at least as interpreted by artists and scientists today. All three of them had backwards pointing crests similar to the crest/horn depicted by the Chinese artist of the Shang Dynasty between 1766 BC and 1122 BC.

Here we compare the ancient Chinese piece with several depictions of lambeosaurine dinosaurs selected to most closely resemble the posture and position of the jade, Shang Dynasty piece. It will be noted that the smaller front legs aren’t depicted on the piece due to what we assume is “artistic license”. Even so, we maintain that it is fairly easy to identify the piece.

Photo:parasaurolophus, left. Shang Dynasty piece, middle, parasaurolophus right.

The similarity between this ancient piece and modern depictions of these tree hadrosaurine dinosaurs is too close to be a coincidence; the dermal crest, the backwards pointing crest and the ability to walk bipedally on two large, powerful legs.

This “dinosaur” features scaled skin and a long tail that helped the bipedal dinosaurs balance themselves. It appears as though these lambesaurine dinosaurs, which lived on the North American continent as well as in Asia continued to live at least between 3,700 and 3,100 years ago.

“Charonosaurus is a very large lambeosaurine hadrosaur (estimated around 10.8 m (36 ft) long), known from a partial skull (Holotype: CUST J-V1251-57 (Changchun University of Sciences and Technology, Changchun, Jilin Province, China)) found in the Late Maastrichtian Yuliangze Formation, west of Jiayin village, Heilongjiang Province, northeastern China.

Adult and juvenile hadrosaur remains discovered in the same area and formation likely represent the same taxon and supply information on most of the postcranial skeleton; the femur length was up to 1.35 m. (4.5 ft).

Charonosaurus is one of the largest hadrosaurs currently known from Asia and indicates that lambeosaurines survived till the very end of the Cretaceous (lambeosaurines are not known from the Late Maastrichtian in North America)”…..wikipedia.org

Saurolophus is a genus of large hadrosaurine duckbill that lived about 70 million years ago, in the Late Cretaceous of North America (Canada) and Asia (Mongolia); it is one of the few genera of dinosaurs known from multiple continents.

It is distinguished by a spike-like crest which projects up and back from the skull. Saurolophus was a herbivorous dinosaur which could move about either bipedally or quadrupedally.

The type species, S. osborni, was described by Barnum Brown in 1912. The other valid species, S. angustirostris, lived in Asia, and was described by Anatoly Konstantinovich Rozhdestvensky. A third species is considered dubious.

Photo:saurolophus, left. Shang Dynasty piece, right.

Parasaurolophus, left, Shang Dynasty piece, middle and parasaurolophus right. As a hadrosaurid, Saurolophus would have been a bipedal/quadrupedal herbivore, eating a variety of plants. Its skull permitted a grinding motion analogous to chewing, and its teeth were continually replacing and packed into dental batteries that contained hundreds of teeth, only a relative handful of which were in use at any time.

Plant material would have been cropped by its broad beak, and held in the jaws by a cheek-like organ. Its feeding range would have extended from the ground to ~4 meter (13 ft) above. Common S. angustirostris would have been an important large herbivore in the Nemegt Formation, but S. osborni was rare in the Horseshoe Canyon Formation and faced competition from other duckbills (Edmontosaurus and Hypacrosaurus).

Crest

The distinctive spike-like crest of Saurolophus has been interpreted in multiple ways, and could have had multiple functions. Brown compared it to the crest of a chameleon, and suggested it could provide an area for muscle attachment and a connection point for a nonbody back frill like that seen in the basilisk lizard. Peter Dodson interpreted similar features in other duckbills as having use in sexual identification.

Maryaska and Osmska, noting the hollow base, suggested that the crest increased the surface area of the respiratory cavity, and helped in thermoregulation. James Hopson supported a function as a visual signal, and further mentioned the possibility that there were inflatable skin flaps over the nostrils that could have acted as resonators and additional visual signals.”…..Wikipedia

Gallery Description

Price: $100,000

“Shang Dynasty, (1766 BC and 1122 BC), Jade dinosaur H. 39cm, W. 14kgs

Some believe the mythical Chinese dragon may be the dinosaur in the Gretaceous Period. The Chinese character of Dragon has been formed by the pattern derivation which must base some thing in the real world.

If this is true, then the ancient Chinese must see the live dinosaur to compose the dragon character.

The shape of ancient character of dragon looks like the shape of dinosaur. Tyrannosaurus is the major dinosaur family of the Gretaceous period. Tyrannosaurus was one of the largest terrestrial carnivores of all time. It stood approximately 15 feet high and was about 40 feet in length, roughly six tons in weight.

In its large mouth were six-inch long, sharp, serrated teeth. The artifact has the simplified design of tyrannosaurus with only two legs.

The typical relief auspicious cloud lines in the Shang dynasty. It is made of white color nephrite with phenomena of differential weathering, cleaving veins and earth penetration.

http://www.palaceantique.com/

Contact
Adviser: Dr. Eugene Huang
PhD, Cornell University
Associate Researcher, Institute of Earth Sciences, Acadamia Sinica
Curator: Chen Ming Chieh (Mitchell Chen)”

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