Posts Tagged ‘great pyramid’

Reader Comments on Great Pyramid Articles | Posted by Chris Parker
Jan 27 2009

There are three main articles on dealng with the mysteries of the Great Pyramid.

The Great Pyramid, Egypt
Ancient Enigma
True Suppressions

We recently recieved some interesting comments re the articles and the Great Pyramid itself that we are not neccessarily going to answer any time soon. Perhaps other interested readers might have some input…

Comment 1
I’ve read a few pages at your site. Very interesting! I have corrections, and suggestions…

Re: The markings “discovered” by Vyse are not chalk, they are red ochra. It’s not scribbled, and it’s not a “slight resemblance”… I too suspect that Vyse did not make them, but the exaggeration makes you look doubtful. (no offense) If you want, I can find a picture of the markings…

You didn’t mention the astounding flat/straightness of the descending passage… something like ¼” runout over 350 feet, most of it through solid bedrock… (it’s been a few years since I studied this stuff. I think it was Petrie that measured. He did some good work.)

I think you misquote petrie “…to do so withOUT cement in the joint seems almost impossible”. As I recall, there’s no cement, except holding the plugs in ascending passage.

The pointing of shafts to stars can only be speculation, based on when you think it was built. (earth wobbles). The shafts also bend, so it’s not observation point.

The robot encountered a block in each shaft, but no indication that it’s a door.

G Worthey

Comment 2

I very much enjoyed your excellent article on the great pyramids, and I was particularly captivated by your writing on the dilemma of how the large limestone blocks were so finely cut…

Given that the extant copper or bronze tools only have MOHS hardness of 3.5 to 4.5, on their upper limits, it appears you correctly surmise they would be unable to cut through limestone which has a greater hardness; that is more than 4.5…

However, it appears a simple solution has been overlooked by the Egyptologists who identify the copper or bronze cutting or sawing tools when they are asked with what were the pyramid stones cut:

Here it is: it is undisputed that early civilizations utilized an extremely hard stone, easily “knapped” to both sharp and extremely sharp edges. This common stone, with a MOHS hardness of 7.0, is of course chert. Given that chert (otherwise known as flint) freely occurs in limestone, shales, and other soft stones, the quarry site itself–that producing the limestone–would have furnished plentiful amounts of cutting rock, namely, the chert.

As you may know, chert retains its hardness and sharp edge when cutting through softer stone; moreover, it can be easily sharpened if dulled by use…

Under the circumstances, I was hoping you would amend your fine article to incorporate the above concerning a stone with an undisputed MOHS hardness of 7.0, called “chert” commonly found with and around limestone and shales…after you research same to your satisfaction, of course!

Aside from the above, keep in mind that chert (flint) was the main component of the early “flintlock rifles.” The (very hard) flint piece struck the metal plate which produced a spark. The spark in turn ignited the gunpowder…by all accounts, the flint lasted quite a long time before it had to be replaced…

If you believe this brief email merits a response, I would like to hear from you !


R R Lenard

Researcher (Woodcutter) Believes He’s Found Key that Unlocks Egypt’s Advanced Scientific Knowledge

Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Oct 15 2008

Source:Pocono Record

Pocono Record Writer
September 28, 2008

A real secret message discovered by a local man among Egypt’s ancient ruins could be stranger than the fictional stories we love involving Indiana Jones or “The DaVinci Code.”
East Stroudsburg-born Edward Nightingale says he has unraveled the most famous of ancient Egyptian riddles.

And he believes his discovery has uncovered a collection of advanced mathematical principles that could change our understanding of matter and the universe.

But that’s not all.

Now, hold on to your seats. He also believes this information was intentionally embedded in the blueprint of the ancient ruins, for future generations to discover.

The Mystery

Nightingale, who lives in Upper Mount Bethel Township in Northampton County, has studied the Giza plateau in Egypt for almost 20 years. He even traveled there with famed Egyptologist John Anthony West to study the ruins.

The Giza plateau lies on the outskirts of Cairo and contains the Great Pyramid, the Great Sphinx and many other historically significant structures. A total of nine pyramids stand on the site.
The construction and layout of the complex, about one square mile in area, has been the subject of scholarly study and adventurer exploits — think Indiana Jones — for centuries.

The most well-known of the mysteries is how the actual structures were built. The pyramids include massive blocks of granite and stone, machined to amazing tolerances, and too heavy to move without modern equipment.

“There are 2.5 million blocks of stone in the Great Pyramid that cover 13 acres in the footprint and stands 480 feet tall, with blocks of granite in the interior that are up to 70 tons. They are machined to tolerances that you can’t slip a dollar bill into,” Nightingale said.

“That tells me they (the builders) knew something we don’t, because we sure can’t do it. As a craftsperson, I had to figure out how they did that.”

But the larger, greater mystery is why the pyramids and other structures are arranged the way they are. Is it haphazard? Surely not, since some of the elements, constructed in different dynasties, were in perfect alignment. There seems to have been some enduring plan.

Three pyramids dominate the Giza complex: the Great Pyramid, or Pyramid of Khufru, the Pyramid of Kahfre and the the Pyramid of Menkaure. The sides of all three pyramids are astronomically oriented to be north-south and east-west, within a small fraction of a degree. Quite a feat, considering the pyramids were built thousand of years ago.

Researchers have been looking into this for centuries. There have been many theories over the years, but none have explained how to take into account all the architectural aspects of the plateau.
“Everybody who was studying this was using the Fibernachi series, and they were coming up with little snippets of what was occurring. But I wanted to allow an open mind without putting myself in that box,” Nightingale said. (Fibernachi numbers are a series of figures built by adding the two prior numbers in the series, for example, 1,1,2,3,5,8.)

Other theories have been proposed. A fairly recent and now dominant one by researcher Robert Bauval suggested the arrangement of the three pyramids matched the Belt of Orion, three stars in the midsection of the Orion constellation. A shaft in one of the pyramids points to the spot in the sky Orion occupied thousands of years ago when the pyramid was built.

Enter Nightingale

Ed Nightingale was born at Pocono Hospital in East Stroudsburg but lived in Hope, N.J. “East Stroudsburg was our local hospital, the closest one to us,” he said.

A master wood-carver by trade, he creates architectural elements for high-end clientele. He’s worked with Dennis Collier on projects for the National Marine Museum in Washington, D.C., and Trinity Church in New York City. Nightingale also did a project for singer/actor David Bowie.

Nightingale approached the design of the Giza complex as an architect would, by creating a drawing. The complexity of the site was apparent. “They had to have a pretty good plan,” he said.
To begin his journey to understanding, Nightingale back-engineered the site.

“I examined it as an ‘as-built blueprint,’” he said. With laser-accurate surveys, he applied his drafting and design skills.

“As a craftsman, I’ve been a woodworker all my life, a fussy one at that. I had an interest that these things were placed here with an incredible accuracy that we can’t even accomplish,” he said.
Nightingale works with geometric shapes when he plans a sculpture, and so he began to see geometrical relationships between elements in the plateau.

The Giza Template

Armed with a compass, ruler and an aerial photograph of the Giza plateau, Nightingale began to create an overlay, or template, for the complex.

“As an artist, when I start a project I begin with three things. I establish a center line, a horizontal and a reference point,” he said. Nightingale located the center point by drawing a line off the western face of the Great Pyramid and a bisecting line through the Pyramid of Kahfre.

After locating a center point, he drew a series of related circles and subdivisions, based on the location of a causeway at the site. Based on the simple proportions of a circle, he drew four, dividing the diameter by one-quarter, one-third and one-half, then divided these diameters and radiuses by factors of nine. He then drew lines through intersecting points of the circles and significant elements of the plateau.

With four circles and seven lines, he was able to explain the position of all nine pyramids in the Giza plateau.

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Original Source: Pocono Record, Sept. 28, 2008