Posts Tagged ‘catastrophism’

Antarctica — Once a Tropical Paradise- Maybe Not Long Ago-Catastrophy Involved?

Church of Darwin, Science, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Apr 03 2013

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Antarctica — Once a Tropical Paradise

Posted on March 21, 2013 by Peter Mungo Jupp

Mar 21, 2013

Antarctica is now the coldest place on Earth.

The Katabatic winds howl around Antarctica’s gale thrashed coast. But once its green valley’s were filled with thriving Glossopteris Pine and Beach forests. How do we know this? “Scott of the Antarctic” was the first to discover telltale fossils on the Beardmore Glacier in 1912. Since then petrified tree stumps and leaves; bones of dinosaurs and marsupials; and fossil rich coal has been discovered in the now hostile environment.

According to classic geology, this previous lush environment thrived millions of years ago in the Permian age. The shifting Antarctic continent, inexorably plodding at millimetres per year, gradually moved into icy hibernation. The flora and fauna were iced over and slowly fossilized, just as in Greenland!

But wait! This formation of a three kilometre thick ice sheet is no meagre feat. Antarctica contains ninety percent of the world’s ice, yet some of Antarctica’s valleys are the driest places on earth. Antarctica is technically considered a desert. Incredibly little snow falls in the interior (five centimetres per year rain equivalent) where the ice sheet is considerably thicker. Katabatic snow storms occur only on the coast where there is thinner ice. Is this a contradiction? Nevertheless, classic Geologists argue that, eons of time can explain away these ice sheet anomalies.

Curiously, ice core studies contradict the millions of years of ice cover necessary to fit the continental drift paradigm. For instance, the Vostok ice core station asserts that the continent’s average three kilometre deep ice sheet is only around 250,000 years old. How can this be? The ice sheet should indicate millions of densely layered ice rings if the slow continental drift theory from tropics to cold is correct. Surely the ice sheet would be significantly thicker where a slowly drifting continent first entered the Antarctic pole?

Even this low geological age is now being questioned. Is it possible the Antarctic ice sheet is only a few thousand years old?

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Mysterious Mountain Range “Shouldn’t be There”

s8int.com, Science, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Oct 22 2008

The Gamburtsev mountains of the Antarctic rival the Alps in size but are covered by an up to two and one half mile ice sheet. Scientists believe that this ice formed over a period of 30 million years. Since most Christians reject that kind of age for the earth, this ice (so we must believe) had to be formed in another, more rapid manner. Is there some kind of catastrophic process described in the Bible that might suggest a way that this ice could have formed in a much shorter time? Have you read On Finding an Ice Age Book (Book of Job)?….s8int.com

Source: LiveScience
October, 21 2008

An Antarctic mountain range that rivals the Alps in elevation will be probed this month by an expedition of scientists using airborne radar and other Information Age tools to virtually “peel away” more than 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) of ice covering the peaks.

One of the mysteries of the mountain range is that current evidence suggests that it “shouldn’t be there” at all.

The researchers hope to find answers there to some basic questions about the nature of the southernmost continent, including the massive East Antarctic Ice Sheet. For instance, it is unclear how Antarctica came to be ice-covered in the first place and whether that process began millions of years ago in the enigmatic Gamburtsev Mountain range.

Working every day at extreme altitudes, in 24 hours of sunlight and at temperatures as low as minus 40 degrees Celsius, the researchers of the Antarctica’s Gamburtsev Province (AGAP) team hope to learn whether the Gamburtsevs were born of tectonic activity in Antarctica or date from a period millions of years ago, when Antarctica was the center of an enormous supercontinent located at far lower latitudes.

Robin Bell of Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in New York, who shares the leadership of the U.S. science effort, said AGAP will help scientists understand one of Antarctica’s last major mysteries.

“Because the heart of East Antarctica is so difficult to get to, we know very little about it,” she said. “We think also that there’s a strong possibility that the mountains are the birthplace of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Over 30 million years ago ice began to grow around the peaks, eventually burying the range and its surrounding lakes.

AGAP involves researchers and support personnel from Australia, China, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. It caps the global scientific deployment known as the International Polar Year (IPY), the largest coordinated international scientific effort in 50 years.

The Gamburtsevs were discovered by a Soviet traverse during the last IPY in 1957-58 that was known as the International Geophysical Year (IGY). Since then the region has been largely untouched.

Traveling deep into the Antarctic interior, more than 390 miles (630 kilometers) from the South Pole, the science teams will be based at a pair of remote field camps while they complete the first major geophysical survey to map the mysterious landscape.

The U.S. research teams, from Columbia, Pennsylvania State University, Washington University in St. Louis, the Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets at the University of Kansas, the Incorporated Research Institutions in Seismology and the U.S. Geological Survey, are supported by the National Science Foundation, which manages all U.S. research on the southernmost continent through the U.S. Antarctic Program. NSF also is the lead U.S. agency for IPY.

Aircraft supported by the NSF and the British Antarctic Survey, which is leading the United Kingdom’s contribution to the AGAP effort, are specially equipped with ice-penetrating radar technology, gravimeter and magnetic field sensors and will fly survey lines over an area more than twice the size of California.

The scientists will eventually create a coordinated mosaic of images of the shallowest layers in the ice sheet to regions hundreds of kilometers beneath the hidden mountains, in effect creating a 3-D map of the vast and unexplored region, Bell said.

Researchers from Washington University and Penn State will contribute to the fieldwork by using seismic recordings of earthquakes to create images of the crust and mantle beneath the mountain range.

In addition to the scientists of the six participating nations, AGAP requires a total of nine aircraft, the establishment of two deep-field science camps, and support from the U.S. Amundsen-Scott South Pole and McMurdo research stations, as well as from the Australian Antarctic Davis Station and the British Antarctic Survey’s Rothera Research Station.

Science and support teams on a Chinese tractor train from a base called Zhongshan Station to Dome A (the highest ice feature in Antarctica) will sample ice cores. Field depot camps and three other logistics support stations will ensure that food, fuel, supplies and equipment and people are in the right place at the right time.

“This project is a major undertaking for IPY,” said Karl A. Erb, the director of the NSF’s Office of Polar Programs. “No one nation could do this alone. International collaboration for both the science and logistics elements is absolutely essential.”