Archive for May, 2011

Earliest Humans Not So Different From Us, Research Suggests; All Humans the Same Genesis States

Church of Darwin, Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, Uncategorized | Posted by Chris Parker
May 23 2011

by Terra Daily Staff Writers
Chicago IL Feb 21, 2011
Submitted by Scott S.

That human evolution follows a progressive trajectory is one of the most deeply-entrenched assumptions about our species. This assumption is often expressed in popular media by showing cavemen speaking in grunts and monosyllables (the GEICO Cavemen being a notable exception). But is this assumption correct? Were the earliest humans significantly different from us?

In a paper published in the latest issue of Current Anthropology, archaeologist John Shea (Stony Brook University) shows they were not.

The problem, Shea argues, is that archaeologists have been focusing on the wrong measurement of early human behavior. Archaeologists have been searching for evidence of “behavioral modernity”, a quality supposedly unique to Homo sapiens, when they ought to have been investigating “behavioral variability,” a quantitative dimension to the behavior of all living things.

Human origins research began in Europe, and the European Upper Paleolithic archaeological record has long been the standard against which the behavior of earlier and non-European humans is compared.

During the Upper Paleolithic (45,000-12,000 years ago), Homo sapiens fossils first appear in Europe together with complex stone tool technology, carved bone tools, complex projectile weapons, advanced techniques for using fire, cave art, beads and other personal adornments.

Similar behaviors are either universal or very nearly so among recent humans, and thus, archaeologists cite evidence for these behaviors as proof of human behavioral modernity.

Yet, the oldest Homo sapiens fossils occur between 100,000-200,000 years ago in Africa and southern Asia and in contexts lacking clear and consistent evidence for such behavioral modernity.

For decades anthropologists contrasted these earlier “archaic” African and Asian humans with their “behaviorally-modern” Upper Paleolithic counterparts, explaining the differences between them in terms of a single “Human Revolution” that fundamentally changed human biology and behavior.

Archaeologists disagree about the causes, timing, pace, and characteristics of this revolution, but there is a consensus that the behavior of the earliest Homo sapiens was significantly that that of more-recent “modern” humans.

Shea tested the hypothesis that there were differences in behavioral variability between earlier and later Homo sapiens using stone tool evidence dating to between 250,000- 6000 years ago in eastern Africa.

This region features the longest continuous archaeological record of Homo sapiens behavior. A systematic comparison of variability in stone tool making strategies over the last quarter-million years shows no single behavioral revolution in our species’ evolutionary history. Instead, the evidence shows wide variability in Homo sapiens toolmaking strategies from the earliest times onwards.

Particular changes in stone tool technology can be explained in terms of the varying costs and benefits of different toolmaking strategies, such as greater needs for cutting edge or more efficiently-transportable and functionally-versatile tools. One does not need to invoke a “human revolution” to account for these changes, they are explicable in terms of well-understood principles of behavioral ecology.

This study has important implications for archaeological research on human origins. Shea argues that comparing the behavior of our most ancient ancestors to Upper Paleolithic Europeans holistically and ranking them in terms of their “behavioral modernity” is a waste of time.

There are no such things as modern humans, Shea argues, just Homo sapiens populations with a wide range of behavioral variability. Whether this range is significantly different from that of earlier and other hominin species remains to be discovered. However, the best way to advance our understanding of human behavior is by researching the sources of behavioral variability in particular adaptive strategies.

John Shea, “Homo sapiens is as Homo sapiens was: Behavioral variability vs. ‘behavioral modernity’ in Paleolithic archaeology.” Current Anthropology 54:1 (February 2011).

American Scientist

Unknown Ancient Monuments in Colorado?

Church of Darwin, Uncategorized, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
May 07 2011

Is this an ancient monument from some ancient civilization or simply a case of versimultude? Reader simply says that he took these photos while hiking somewhere in Colorado.

“I live in Grand junction Colorado USA
The henot d statue is about 5 1/2 foot tall or so.
The full body status is around 20 foot tall.
There is a lot of other stuff around the area, Some of it is Spanish I think?
Can anyone tell me anything about them?

He did have coordinates or a specific location for the “monuments” but says that he knows where they are.

New Book From “Days of Peleg” Author Jon Saboe

Church of Darwin, Religious, The Flood of Noah, Uncategorized | Posted by Chris Parker
May 07 2011


Photo:New cover;The Days of Peleg

Peleg’s Log!

New Cover! — Plus Better Late than Never!
Greetings!

When we first launched Peleg’s Log I promised that it would be infrequent and sporadic—but I never intended to wait for more than a year between issues!

Needless to say, a great deal has happened both personally and professionally in the intervening time, but currently there is a lot of excitement and activity that we wanted to share.

First, the publisher has created a new cover for the Fourth Edition of The Days of Peleg—to coincide with the soon-to-be released, The Days of Laméch. They wanted the cover art to be similar, since Lamech is a prequel, and they plan to market both books as a set.

Secondly, our goal is to have The Days of LamĂ©ch available from all distributors by June. Yes, June of 2011. I know we were referring to 2010 when we said “spring” in our previous log, but unfortunately those “personal and professional” issues forced everything back one year.

I have received numerous requests and a great deal of encouragment concerning LamĂ©ch—including a few exhortations from Facebook friends telling me to get off of FB and get writing! We are happy to say that the final sections are at the editor’s and we will be posting additional excerpts, plus, as soon as we get the new cover from the publisher, we’ll let you know!

I want to encourage everyone who is on Facebook to “like” the Peleg Fan Page if you have not done so already, and to also “like” the Barnes & Noble Peleg page as well:

Days of Peleg Page

To help promote The Days of Laméch we would like to create a contest or some kind of marketing hook. If anyone has any ideas, please let us know.

Finally, I want to thank all of you so much for your support, encouragement, and patience. I consider each one of you a friend – whom I am both honored and humbled to serve.

I hope you enjoyed this edition of Peleg’s Log.

Sincerely,

Jon Saboe
Days Of Peleg.com

Days of Peleg Synopsis (Historical-Biblical Fiction):Why Is Humanity Dying?
It is now one hundred years since the Great Awakening, and the human race is finally colonizing the world with new settlements and centers of commerce. Reu-Nathor, High Minister of the Citadel, announces an expedition to explore their new world, and Peleg is commissioned as Chief Cartographer aboard the Urbat.

Peleg’s core beliefs are challenged and his sense of reality is undermined by the new cultures and tremendous tragedies he encounters during his twelve-year voyage.

But he has also been given a secret mission to discover the answer to the one question that no one dares to ask aloud:
Why is the human race dying?

What he discovers forces Peleg to re-evaluate all he has ever known—and also provides him with staggering revelations that will determine the eternal destiny of the entire human race!

About The Days of Peleg

Set in ancient Mesopotamia, The Days of Peleg is an action-filled, yet thought provoking epic which combines the enigmas and mythologies of ancient civilizations with the intrigue of hard science fiction. Issues as diverse as origins, linguistics, and phenomenology are concealed within an exciting narrative that boasts diverse characters embarked on an unimaginable journey.
You will never think of ancient man in the same way again.

The Days of Peleg provides an exhilarating yet entertaining look at who we once were—and who we may one day become.

After the Flood; A Graveyard Planet-Video

Church of Darwin, Religious, s8int.com, Science, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
May 07 2011

We Stand on the Shoulders of Those Who Came Before Us –but Also on Their Heads, Backs, Stomachs and Feet! (and etc.) : Prologue Of all that lived prior to the flood; (flora and fauna) w e have burned their bodies or their remains for thousands of years for fuel. We utilize them in our cars and our machines. Their Detritus in their current forms are used to build houses and walls and streets and as binding agents. The mountains that we climb are made up of the remains of microscopic dead animals.

The chemicals that made up the bones of the pre-flood living are used to fertilize our crops and gardens. Their remains may even be worn around our necks or on our fingers as jewelry. This planet is a vast graveyard and the life that existed before the flood is buried or entombed all around us-and are mute witnesses to Genesis.

Movie Made from this s8int.com Article