The Case For Hadrosaurine (duck-billed, crested) Dinosaurs in Ancient America

Posted by Chris Parker
Aug 25 2010

In the last several years we’ve reviewed a number of ancient American artifacts that strongly indicate dinosaur human interaction in ancient North and South America. Individual artifacts can be labeled; “mythological”, given alternate identifications or even have their authenticity attacked-but the weight of a number of such out of place artifacts adds up to at least the possibilty that these represent dinosaurs.

Just as sauropod dinosaurs would be very recognizable in art because of their bulky bodies and long necks, certain hadrosaurs would be recognizable due to their duck like “beaks” and their head crests. For example, the corythosaurus and the lambeosaurs are two very common American dinosaur fossil groups with distinctive, readily identifiable headcrests. Science is unsure about the utility of the crests.

The National Park Service describes them this way: “Hadrosaurs (Greek for “bulky lizard”) are also known as the “duck-billed dinosaurs” because of their long flattened snouts. They first appeared during the Cretaceous period, near the end of the Age of Dinosaurs. Hadrosaurs were very common dinosaurs and fossils have been found throughout North America, Europe, and Asia.

Based on their teeth, paleontologists believe that hadrosaurs were herbivores. Their teeth were mostly small and leaf-shaped, but there were plenty of them. Some hadrosaurs had almost 900 teeth! The hadrosaurs ranged in size from about 10 feet long (the size of a small car) to 40 feet long (the size of a school bus). They weighed up to 3 ½ tons, about as much as two cars!

The hadrosaurs’ feet had three toes, covered in a hoof-like material. Hadrosaurs could walk (or run if a Tyrannosaurus rex was near!) on their large muscular hind legs, but may have occasionally used all four legs while grazing for food. Their long thick tails helped them balance while running.”

Prior hadrosaurine dinosaurs in North America presentations from s8int.com.

The depictions we’re discussing below today unfortunately are not drawn in a way that provides a context for their size i.e., are they dinosaur sized? However, a prior article entitled Did Ancient Americans Ride the Parasaurolophus Dinosaur?-Or Did They Just Exaggerate the Size of Their Sheep? reviews ancient artifacts that provide both a size context (they’re huge) and hadrosaurine features.

(Click photo to go to article)

“On the left, an ancient” painting of a type of crested duck-billed dinosaur (where we are also provided with a size context) whose bones have been found in New Mexico (and other places).

Photo from “Clues to the Past”, by the Archaeological Society of New Mexico:#16, 1990, edited by Duran and Kirkpatrick.

The painting is attributed to the Pueblo 4 culture-AD 1300 to AD 1500.

“The duck-billed dinosaurs Parasaurolophus and Kritosaurus and the horned dinosaur Pentaceratops were the most common dinosaurs living in northwestern New Mexico during the Late Cretaceous.”New Mexico State Museum–Dinosaurs of New Mexico. Compare the painting with this drawing of lambeosaurus.

“See also Authenticated Poinsett County Arkansas Corythosaurus/Hypacrosaurus from 400 to 700 Years Ago?

Latest Dinosaur Human Dinosaur Interaction

In the book; “INFORMATION RESPECTING THE HISTORY, CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF THE INDIAN TRIBES OF THE UNITED STATES….by Henry M. Schoolcraft L.L.D. Published in 1853, in Section VI entitled: INTELLECTUAL CHARACTER AND CAPACITY OF THE RED MAN”, an ironic title given its casual racism and evident lack of respect, are a number of puzzling artifacts attributed to the North American “Indians”.

We should note that the term “dinosaur” had only been coined 11 years prior to the publication of ‘Information”, in 1842 and that the lambeosaurus, a type of hadrosaur similar to the more well known corythosaurus, would not be discovered until 1900 with the first public description, really not until 1923.

A copy of a native American pictograph in the book presents several interesting creatures which might depict a creature similar to the lambeosaurus. While they are not perfectly conformed to the current, modern depiction of that dinosaur, we know of no other quadruped that sports that distinctive headcrest, has a long thick tail and the ability to walk on either two or four legs, all of which can be seen in the ancient depiction.

The author identifies the animals in question as martens, which have ears but no crests.;

“It (the panel, right to left) commences with the totem of the chief, called Oshcabawis, who headed the party, who is seen to be of the Ad-ji-jauh, or Crane clan. To the eye of the bird standing for this chief, the eyes of each of the other totemic animals are directed as denoted by lines, to symbolize union of views. The heart of each animal is also connected by lines with the heart of the Crane chief, to denote unity of feeling and purpose. If these symbols are successful, they denote that the whole forty-four persons both see and feel alike—That They Are One.

Photo:Ancient Panel “creature” in bi-pedal mode compared with modern conception of the lambeosaurus dinosaur.

No. 2, is a warrior, called Wai-mitrtig-oazh, of the totem of the Marten. The name signifies literally, He of the Wooden Vessel, which is the common designation of a Frenchman, and is supposed to have reference to the first appearance of a ship in the waters of the St. Lawrence.

No. 3. O-ge-ma-gee-zhig, is also a warrior of the Marten clan. The name means literally, Sky-Chief.

No. 4, represents a third warrior of the Marten clan. The name of Mulc-o-mis-ud^ ains, is a species of small land tortoise.

No. 5. O-mush-kose, or the Little Elk, of the Bear totem.

No. 6. Penaisee, or the Little Bird of the totem of the Ne-ban-a-lkiigr, or Manfish. This clan represents a myth of the Chippewas, who believe in the existence of a class of animals in the Upper Lakes, called Ne-ban-a-baig, partaking of the double natures of a man and a fish—a notion which, except as to the sex, has its analogies in the superstitions of the nations of western Europe, respecting a mer* maid.

No. 7. Naswa-j&wim, or the Strong Stream, is a warrior of the O-was-se-wugv or Catfish totem.

Beside the union of eye to eye, and heart to heart, above depicted, Osh-ca-ba-wisj as represented by his totem of the Crane, has a line drawn from his eye forward, to denote the course of his journey, and another line drawn backward to the series of small rice lakes, No. 8, the grant of which constitutes the object of the journey.

The long parallel lines, No. 10, represent Lake Superior, and the small parallel lines, No. 9, a path leading from some central point on its southern shores to the villages and interior lakes, No. 8, at which place the Indians propose, if this plan be sanctioned, to commence cultivation and the arts of civilized life. The entire object is thus symbolized in a manner which is very clear to the tribes, and to all who have studied the simple elements of this mode of communicating ideas.” …Henry M. Schoolcraft L.L.D

In Conclusion

Did hadrosaurines inhabit North America in the recent past? We believe that they did. The fossils that we see are from the larger animals that lived prior to the great flood. In more recent times dinosaurs like other animals were smaller than they were in the past. Just as we don’t have fossils from the great buffalo herds of comparatively recent times showing their interaction with Native Americans or Mound builders, we don’t have much fossil evidence of dinosaurs who lived in the most recent past. Most of the fossils we have in the world were created during the time after the great flood of Noah.

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