Archive for December, 2008

A Brief Review of a Selection of Incredible, Lost, Forgotten or Ignored News from Our Recent Past,……Part III

Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, Giants in Those Days, s8int.com, Science, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 30 2008

By Chris Parker
Copyright 2008 s8int.com and Chris Parker

Part I of this Article
Part II of this Article

Graphic:Augmented Ica Stone from Ancient Peru showing altercation between man and dinosaur. Click for more info

Story 1
Another What is it?
Man Eaten by Dinosaur?
11/2/1877
Galveston News
From the Carthage (Mo.) Patriot.

Evolutionists often ask why if men and dinosaurs interacted, no evidence of their fossil remains having been found together exists. One of the aims of several sections of this website has been to show that such evidence exists in quantity, but that it has been lost, suppressed or ignored.

Any scientist who today announced for example that he had found evidence that a dinosaur bone showed evidence of having been butchered by man would not make a name for himself but would rather, end his scientific career.

Evidence supported by science has been discovered numerous times (such as the Doheny Expedition) and according to an article in the Galveston news, reprinted from the Carthage Patriot, another such an impossible interaction was discovered;

“Mr. Henry “Woodard owns a stock rancho in the Indian Territory, in the Peoria Nation, on which is situated the big sulfur spring. The spring is surrounded by a quagmire, which is very deep and ” slushy,” and so soft that it will not bear any considerable weight.

Mr. W. lately undertook to curb up the spring in order to get water more easily, and while working in the mire came upon what appeared to be an enormous bone. He at once began an examination which disclosed the fact that it was the head of some mammoth beast.

His curiosity was aroused, and, with the assistance of three other men, he began the work of excavation. For four days they worked, but did not succeed in bringing the monster to the surface. They threw off the marl,but could not lift the head of this golitic giant.

They found the skeleton well preserved, and the immense teeth still sat in the jaws. The jaws were both in place and the spinal column attached to the cranium. Tho earth was thrown off from the body to the length of twenty feet, but still the gigantic skeleton remained beneath”.

The men finally managed to dislodge a number of the creature’s ribs which according to the report, were eight feet in length. When the dirt was removed which was encircled by the ribs and bones, Mr. Woodard and the men with him got an even bigger surprise according to the article.

Click here to Read The Remainder of Story 1 and several other Lost, Forgotten or Ignored News Items from the Recent Past

Daily Bible 2009

Religious | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 30 2008


Click to join parkwaydailybible

Our local congregation (ParkWay church of Christ) is beginning a class called “The Daily Bible” wherein by committing to a Bible reading every day in 2009 one will be able to read the entire Bible.

We will be using a book called “The Daily Bible” by Lagard Smith, a member of the church of Christ, which conducts one from the Old to New Testaments in chronological order. This might mean one day you would be in Genesis and the next in Psalms if it was chronological.

At the end, you will have completed the entire text. The author also includes commentary at the beginning of each reading to help set the stage.

We will have a discussion group for readers of the book although it is not completely clear how that will be used. Certainly we will try to use it as a means for discussing what we’re reading. We”ll see how that goes.

If you live hundreds of miles away and can’t attend the weekly class at Parkway, we’re sure you’d still benefit by reading the book on your own or by joining our discussion group and either lurking or actively participating.

The book is available on Amazon for between 10 and 15 dollars depending on compact, soft or hard cover. Look for “the Daily Bible” (not devotional) by Lagard Smith. Also here at Books for Christins.com

The readings for the first week, beginning January 1, are as follows:

Jan 1: Gen 1:1-Gen 3:24

Jan 2 Gen 4:1-Gen 5;32

Jan 3 Gen 6:1-Gen 9:29

Jan 4 Gen 10:1-Gen 11:32

Jan 5 Gen 12:1-Gen 14:20

Jan 6 Gen 15:1-Gen 17-27

Jan 7 Gen 18:1-Gen 19-38

True and Wonderful: A Discourse Relating a Strange and Monstrous Serpent (or Dragon) Lately Discovered, and Yet Living, to the Great Annoyance and Divers Slaughters both of Men and Cattell

Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, s8int.com, Science, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 24 2008

TRUE AND WONDERFULL

A Discourse relating

A STRANGE AND MONSTROUS
SERPENT, OR DRAGON,

Lately Discoyered and yet living to the great Annoyance and divers Slaugh
ters both Men and Cattell, by his strong and violent Poyson.

In Sussex, two Miles from Horsam, in a Woode called St. Leonards Forrest, and thirtie
Miles from London, this present Month of August, 1614.

Printed at London, by John Trundle,
1614.

To THE READER.

THE just reward of him that is accustomed to lie, is not, to be believed when he speaketh the truth : so just an occasion may sometimes be imposed upon the pamphleting pressers; and therefore, if we receive the same reward, we cannot much blame our accusers, which often falls out either by our forward credulity to but-seeming true reports, or by false copies translated from other languages, which (though we beget not) we foster, and our shame is little the less.

But, passing by what’s past, let not our present truth blush for any former falsehood sake : the country is near us, Sussex; the time present, August; the subject, a Serpent ; strange, yet now a neighbour to us ; and it were more than impudence to forge a lie so near home, that every man might turn in our throats ; believe it, or read it not, or read it (doubting) for I believe ere thou hast read this
little all, thou wilt not doubt of one, but believe there are many serpents in England.

Farewell.

By A. R.
He that would send better news, if he had it.

A DISCOURSE

A STRANGE AND MONSTROUS
SERPENT OR DRAGON.

IN Sussex, there is a pretty market-town called Horsham, near unto it a forest, called St. Leonards forest, and there, in a vast and unfrequented place, heathy, vaulty, full of unwholesome shades, and overgrown hollows, where this serpent is thought to be bred ; but, wheresoever bred, certain and too true it is that there it yet lives.

Within three or four miles compass are its usual haunts, oftentimes at a place called Faygate, and it hath been seen within half a mile of Horsham, a wonder, no doubt, most terrible and noisome to the inhabitants thereabouts. There is always in his track or path left a glutinous and slimy matter (as by a small similitude we may perceive in a snail’s) which is very corrupt and offensive to the scent, insomuch that they perceive the air to be putrified withal, which must needs be very dangerous.

For though the corruption of it cannot strike the outward part of a man, unless heated into his blood, yet by receiving it in at any of our breathing organs (the mouth or nose) it is by authority of all authors, writing in that kind, mortal and deadly, as one thus saith : Noxia serpentum est admixto sanguine pestis.

The serpent, or dragon, as some call it, is reputed to be nine feet, or rather more, in length, and shaped almost in the form of an axletree of a cart, a quantity of thickness in the midst, and somewhat smaller at both ends. The former part, which he shoots forth as a neck, is supposed to be an ell long, with a white ring, as it were, of scales about it.

The scales along his back seem to be blackish, and so much as is discovered under his belly appeareth to be red ; for I speak of no nearer description than of a reasonable occular distance.

For coming too near it hath already been too dearly paid for, as you shall hear hereafter. It is likewise discovered to have large feet, but the eye may be there deceived ; for some suppose that serpents have no feet, but glide upon certain ribs and scales, which both defend them from the upper part of their throat unto the lower part of their belly, and also cause them to move much the faster.

For so this doth, and rids way, as we call it as fast as a man can run. He is of countenance very proud, and, at the sight or hearing of men or cattle, will raise his neck upright, and seem to listen and look about, with arrogancy. There are likewise on either side of him discovered two great bunches so big as a large foot-ball, and, as some think, will in time grow to wings ; but God, I hope, will defend the poor people in the neighbourhood, that he shall be destroyed before he grow so fledged.

He will cast his venom about four rod from him, as by woeful experience it was proved on the bodies of a man and woman coming that way, who afterwards were found dead, being poisoned and very much swelled, but not preyed upon.

Likewise a man going to chase it and, as he imagined, to destroy it, with two mastiff dogs, as yet not knowing the great danger of it, his dogs were both killed, and he himself glad to return with haste to preserve his own life. Yet this is to be noted, that the dogs were not preyed upon, but slain and left whole ; for his food is thought to be, for the most part, in a cony- warren, (rabbit warren) which he much frequents, and it is found much scanted and impaired in the increase it had wont to afford.

These persons, whose names are hereunder printed, have seen this serpent, beside divers others, as the carrier of Horsham, who lieth at the White Horse, in South wark, and who can certify the truth of all that has been here related.

JOHN STEELE.
CHRISTOPHER HOLDER.
And a Widow Woman dwelling near Faygate.

Online Readable Copy of Original 1614 Pamphlet

Update on:Ancient Civilizations, Giants, Tunnels Beneath Southern California?

Giants in Those Days, s8int.com, Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, Uncategorized, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 23 2008

“Dear s8int.com,

In the following page Giants, Tunnels Beneath SC
you mention a 1932 book “The Death Valley Man”, followed by a description of a tunnel network near Death Valley. The report mentions a northern exit of that network, on the eastern slopes of the mountains that are to the east of the valley, halfway their height, and from which one can overlook Furnace Creek Ranch and Furnace Creek Wash.

I took a look on Google Maps and I think I found it, thanks to this description. I don’t know if this is commonplace knowledge already, it wasn’t that hard (took me about 10 minutes of scrutinizing the
satellite pictures).

Probably you located it as well, but if not, I’ll explain how to find it: Surf to Google Maps. Do a search entry for “Furnace Creek Ranch”. The ranch has an airstrip to its east. And a road on the northern edge of the ranch called Airport Road. This road runs east-northeast. If you follow its direction for several miles, well into the mountains, pretty accurately in that direction, you’ll notice a structure with clearly symmetrical and geometric features.

Well I think that may well be this northern entrance the report mentions. It has a kind of “face” in front of it, like it is made by an ancient American culture. Its features are both symmetrical and repetitive geometric patterns. And with parallel lines. It would surprise me if this isn’t man made. The material to the right is either a mudslide or a material which used to be rolled back to open the entrance.

I included a picture of it, and one of its direct surroundings. I print-screened this from Google Maps.

Best regards,”

Wouter W., The Hague, Netherlands

Wouter has done some dogged and determined research on this topic which for us began with a 1947 San Diego Union newspaper article about ancient civilizations and nine foot giants in the desert under Southern California. A second article was found that appeared in the “Hot Citizen” of Nevada. At the time, we originally posted our article we had done a lot of additional research to try to prove or disprove the story.

One piece of slightly corroborating evidence is that a Mr. Nasbaum of the Interior Department was found to have had a file on Amazing Explorations Inc. in his “Nut File”. Perhaps the file was aptly named because we’ve had little success followng up on the individuals named in this Amazing Exploration…s8int.com

Click Here to Read Original s8int.com Article

Three Examples of Pterosaur Survival Into Ancient Times?

Church of Darwin, Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, Giants in Those Days, s8int.com, Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 20 2008

Copyright 2008 by Chris Parker and s8int.com
Photo/Graphic: Institute of Texan Cultures

What if pterosaurs did survive into the “age of man”? Do you suppose that they would inspire accounts of “dragons” in ancient cultures the world over down through time? Curiously, there are accounts of winged, reptilian dragons in virtually every culture down through history. Science says that this is a coincidence and that pterosaurs died out 65 millon years ago,or more than 50 million years before even primitive man came on the scene.

Admittedly, its not easy to positively identify creatures in ancient art sometimes under the best of circumstances and mistakes can and are made, but we think that these three examples along with the many others that we’ve discussed on more than 80 pages of our Dinosaurs in Literature and Art Section might at least cause one to pause and to wonder if everything science has told us is correct….

Amerigo Vespucci

Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492. Amerigo Vespucci first arrived in what is now called South America in 1499 and visited again in 1501. Columbus is credited with discovering the continent even though both of them in all candor were practically the last ones here (behind African’s, the Chinese, the Celts, etc…..).

Columbus thought he had landed in the Indies. Vespucci recognized that he had landed on an entirely new continent and did a better job of popularizing his journeys throughout Europe. In 1503 or 1504, Amerigo published a pamphlet, in Latin, under the Latinized name Albericus Vesputius, entitled Mundus Novus. It was in this pamphlet that he stated his belief that the land reached by Columbus in 1492 , was really a wholly new discovery.

This was contrary to Columbus who mistakenly continued to believe that he had reached India. Because Columbus was so firmly entrenched in his belief, he did not give these lands a new collective name (like Columbus).

He would give the islands and regions he saw and or landed on, a name, but he could not rename India or China. A mapmaker named Waldseemiller decided to name the new continent after Amerigo on a map that was included in a book about Amerigo’s journeys and discoveries. It was feminized to America and that name took. We were however, probably this close to living in Vespucciland and to being forever known as Vespuciians.

Like many explorers before him, Vespucci mentioned some interesting sightings, including, monsters, dragons, serpents and giants, which may have been believed in his time but which are largely discounted or disbelieved today.

John Ogilby was the illustrator who illustrated some of Vespucci’s books and pamphlets, yes later based on Vespucci’s descriptions. Though he wasn’t an eyewitness, one of his drawings (1671) based on Vespucci’s eyewitness account bears a close resemblance to the long tailed pterosaur; it has bat-like wings and a long tail among other features. The Pterosaur wouldn’t be discovered by “science” for more than 100 years.
Giants (Amerigo Vespucci, by Frederick A. Ober)

“As at our arrival we saw no collection of people, eleven of us landed. Finding a path inland, we walked nearly two leagues and came to a village of about twelve houses, in which were seven women who were so large that there was not one among them who was not a span and a half taller than myself.

When they saw us they were very much frightened, and the principal one among them, who seemed certainly a discreet woman, led us by signs into a house and had refreshments prepared for us.

They were such large women that we were about determining to carry off two of the younger
ones as a present to our king; but while we were debating this subject, thirty-six men entered the hut where we were drinking. They were of such great stature that each one was taller when upon his knees than I when standing erect.

In fact, they were giants; each of the women appeared a Penthesilia, and the men Antei. When they came in, some of our number were so frightened that they did not consider themselves safe, for they were armed with very large bows and arrows, besides immense clubs made in the form of swords.

Seeing that we were small of stature they began to converse with us, in order to learn who we were and from what parts we came. We gave them fair words, and answered them, by signs, that we were men of peace and intent only upon seeing the world. Finally, we held it our wisest course to part from them without questioning in our turn; so we returned by the same path in which we had come–they accompanying us quite to the sea-shore, till we went aboard the ships.”

Serpents (Amerigo Vespucci, by Frederick A. Ober)

“We noticed that they were roasting a certain animal that looked like a serpent; it had no wings, and was so disgusting in appearance that we were astonished at its deformity. As we went through their huts or tents, we found many of these serpents alive.

Their feet were tied, and they had a cord about their snouts so that they could not open their mouths, as dogs are sometimes muzzled so they may not bite. These animals had such a savage appearance that none of us durst turn one over, thinking they might be poisonous. They are about the size of a kid, about the length and a half of a man’s arm, and have long, coarse feet armed with large nails.

Their skin is hard, and they are of various colors. They have the snout and face of a serpent, and from the nose there runs a crest, passing over the middle of the back to the root of the tail. We finally concluded that they were serpents, and poisonous; yet, nevertheless, they were eaten by the natives.”

“After having sailed about four hundred leagues, continually along the coast, we concluded that this land was a continent, which might be bounded by the eastern parts of Asia, this being the commencement of the western parts of the continent, because it happened that we saw divers animals, such as lions, stags, goats, wild hogs, rabbits, and other land animals which are not found in islands, but only on the main-land.

Going inland one day with twenty men, we saw a serpent all of twenty-four feet in length and as large in girth as myself. We were very much afraid, and the sight of it caused us to return immediately to the sea. Oft times, indeed, I saw many ferocious animals and enormous serpents.

Shan Hai Jing

This famous Chinese book is at least 2000 years old. Among the animals presented are certainly examples of mythology or of dubious factuality. But how can anyone deny that this creature menacing a stag and a goat from the air, with bats wings and a long serpentine/pterosaur-like tail is in fact a representation of a pterosaur?

“Shan Hai Jing (traditional Chinese: ???; simplified Chinese: ???; pinyin: Sh?nh?i J?ng; Wade-Giles: Shan Hai Ching; literally “Collection of the Mountains and Seas”) is a Chinese classic text that is at least 2,000 years old. It is largely a fabled geographical and cultural account of pre-Qin China as well as a collection of mythology. The book is about 31,000 words long, and is divided into eighteen sections; it describes ver 550 mountains and 300 channels.

The exact author of the book and the time it was written at is still undetermined. It was originally thought that mythical figures such as Yu the Great or Boyi wrote the book. However, the consensus among modern Chinese scholars is that this book was not written at a single time by a single author, but rather by numerous people from the period of the Warring States to the beginning of the Han Dynasty.

Its first known editor was Liu Xiang from the Western Han, who was connected to several works on Confucian classics. Later Guo Pu, a scholar from the Western Jin, made a further annotation to it, including a few others.

Overview

The book is not a narrative, as the “plot” involves detailed descriptions of locations in the cardinal directions of the Mountains, Regions Beyond Seas, Regions Within Seas, and Wilderness. The descriptions are usually of medicines, animals, and geological features. Many descriptions are very mundane, and an equal number are fanciful or strange. Each chapter follows roughly the same formula, and the whole book is extremely repetitious in this way.

It does contains many short myths, and most rarely exceed a paragraph. The most famous ancient Chinese myth from this book is that of the ancient Chinese figures, such as Great Yu, who spent years trying to control the deluge.

The account of him is in the last chapter, chapter 18, in the 2nd to last paragraph (roughly verse 40). This account is a much more fanciful account than the depiction of him in the Classic of History. In Anne Birrell’s translation, NĂĽwa is not present in a flood story, but another account of her is very briefly touched on in chapter 16″. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Egyptian Rock Crystal Ewer
Ewer
Egypt (Fatimid)
10th-11th century.

We won’t say much about this winged creature attacking a full grown goat and in fact dwarfing it. The beak is not that of a raptor such as an eagle (not curved) and the long neck and wing shape at least make an identification of a pterosaur at least possible.

Rock crystal Carved from a single block of rock crystal, this ewer is a work of outstanding quality. It is one of a series that survives in collections across Europe.

They are often in cathedral treasuries, where they were rededicated after being captured from the ir original Islamic settings. Made in Egypt in the late tenth century, this ewer is exquisitely decorated with fantastic birds, breasts and twisting tendrils. The Treasure of Caliph Mostansir-Billah at Cairo, which was destroyed in 1062, apparently contained 1800 rock crystal vessels. Only a few of these have survived to bear witness to the splendour of the Egyptian caliphs, this example being one of them.

Great skill was required to hollow out the raw rock crystal without breaking it and to carve the delicate, often very shallow, decoration.

More:
The ewer was made in Egypt about the year 1000 of the Christian era. It is a masterpiece of Islamic craft. Sophisticated techniques were required to hollow-out a massive piece of the super-hard rock crystal into a vessel whose walls are mere millimetres thick. The magical clarity achieved was prized by contemporaries as a mystical combination of the properties of air and water.

Difficulties of working the surface reduced decoration to a severe simplicity. After the looting of Cairo’s treasuries, the ewer found its way to Europe where it was transferred to Christian use and admired as a marvel of exotic beauty.

The hunting scenes indicate its original use was secular, as part of a lost Islamic world of courtly life with wine, poetry and music. Rock crystal – like Chinese celadon – was believed to shatter on contact with poison…a comment on the fragility of beauty itself.
Stephen Bayley, Guest Curator

FATIMID CARVED ROCK CRYSTAL EWER
Few objects evoke the richness of mediaeval Islamic culture as much as the small group of carved rock crystal ewers made for the court of the Fatimid rulers of Cairo in the late 10th and early 11th centuries. ….

Fatimid rulers conquered Egypt in 969 and renamed their new capital city Al-Qahira (The Triumphant), which remains the Arabic name for Cairo. Ewers were amongst the works of art made in varied media to reflect this name through their cultural opulence.

Such lavishness could not be maintained indefinitely and by the mid 11th century the state had become so impoverished that much of the Royal Treasury had to be sold, explaining the sudden dispersal of these ewers; a “fire sale” which was recorded by a Fatimid Treasury official in Kitab al-Dhakhai’ir w’al-Tuhaf (The Book of Gifts and Rarities).

Carved from a single piece of flawless rock crystal, which is as hard as toughened steel, the ewers were hollowed out and then carved by hand with extraordinary finesse, leaving a surface in the thinner areas that is only a couple of millimeters thick.

Almost all surviving examples have come through cathedral treasuries and each is decorated with animal groups associated with hunting, surrounded by arabesque designs. Of the other six examples, one is in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, having been bought privately in 1862 (decorated with a hawk attacking a deer); two are in the treasury of the Basilica of San Marco, Venice (one decorated with a lion, the other a ram); one is in the Cathedral of Fermo, Italy (decorated with a falcon); another is in the Louvre, having been in the treasury of the royal Abbey of Saint Denis, Paris (decorated with a small falcon), and one well-documented ewer (decorated with falcons) which was stolen from the museum in Limoges in 1980. In 1998 another example in the Pitti Palace, Florence decorated with partridges), was apparently broken beyond repair…..Christie’s

Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God?

Uncategorized | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 14 2008

Graphic: First Committee’s Reverse Side of the Great Seal Design

“In the story of America’s Great Seal, a particularly relevant chapter is the imagery suggested by Benjamin Franklin in August 1776. He chose the dramatic scene described in Exodus, where people confronted a tyrant in order to gain their freedom. ….s8int.com

“Pharaoh sitting in an open Chariot, a Crown on his head and a Sword in his hand, passing through the divided Waters of the Red Sea in Pursuit of the Israelites: Rays from a Pillar of Fire in the Cloud, expressive of the divine Presence and Command, beaming on Moses who stands on the shore and extending his hand over the Sea causes it to overwhelm Pharaoh.”

“Motto: Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God.”

Franklin’s design was recommended by the first committee for the reverse side of the Great Seal. The above realization was made by Benson J. Lossing for Harper’s New Monthly Magazine in July 1856. The first committee made no sketch (that survives) of their design – one that is more historical than religious

Thomas Jefferson liked the motto “Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God” so much, he used it on his personal seal. Also, it seems to have inspired the upper motto on the final reverse side of the Great Seal: Annuit Coeptis (God has favored our undertakings).

“Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God” echoes the Declaration of Independence:

“We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. . . whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive to these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.” …..greatseal.com

Romans 13:1-7
1Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. 2Consequently, he who rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves. 3For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and he will commend you. 4For he is God’s servant to do you good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword for nothing. He is God’s servant, an agent of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. 5Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also because of conscience. 6This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God’s servants, who give their full time to governing. 7Give everyone what you owe him: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor..

Pterosaur Photographed at Macachin Airport?

Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, Science, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 13 2008

The CEUFO (Center for Studies UFO) of Argentina received an email from a photographer (Fabián Romano) that claimed to have captured a strange being on his camera while taking some shots around the Macachín airport.

The image submitted to CEUFO is said to have been taken in midday with a Minolta digital camera. Using a lens of 135 mm and a manual speed of 1/1000.

The CEUFO analyzed the image and declared it to be that of a flying “entity”. They also said that the image was of a “high strangeness”. The CEUFO came to this conclusion after submitting the photograph to rigorous testing.

CEUFO also submitted the image to various centers around the globe for further examination. The curator for the Provincial Museum (Gustavo Siegentale) said that the image was “very strange” indeed. Gustavo Siegentale went on to even claim that this could be a “mammal, carnivore and with wings” obviously “an unknown species”.

According to The CEUFO, the image was then submitted to the Special Criminal Division (police) of La Pampa. The division, using hi-tech equipment that is usually used for criminal cases, said that the in the photograph, one can see eye sockets, a beak and the object could be 80 cm tall (32 inches). Taking in reference the airplane’s propellor in the background.

The CEUFO also said that this was not the only reported sighting of the creature. There has been other situations were people have seen strange creatures in or around the airport area. Further investigations are pending.

Source: http://naturalplane.blogspot.com

Ancient Costa Ricans Faced Winged Terror from Above; and Things Weren’t Always So Sanguine on the Ground Either-Stone Metates of Central America

Crypto, Dinosaurs in Literature, s8int.com, Science, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 08 2008

by Chris Parker
Copyright s8int.com 2008

Figure 1 shows detail from an ancient stone metate from Costa Rica. Two bird-like creatures attack men by the head on either side of this stone table.

Based on the art they left behind, the Ancient Costa Ricans worried a bit about terror from the skies and for that matter, there appeared to be giant reptiles on the ground (the scientific paradigm calls them crocodilians or reptilians) that elicited a bit of concern as well.

Hello, I’m s8int.com’s Chris Parker. You know, science tells us that dinosaurs and pterosaurs died out 40 million and 65 million years ago respectively. Here at s8int.com, we do the kind of research that thankfully takes no skill or special knowledge at all. We look at pictures of ancient art and visit museums. Our research tells science is off by 99.99% or so.”.

Costa Rica which means “Rich Coast” is a Central American country bordered by the countries of Nicaragua and Panama to the east and south and by the Pacific on its southern and western border and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Many people find it to be a choice vacation destination.

It’s possible that the proximity of its coastlines to the Pacific Ocean and Carribean Sea may account for its ancient fascination with death and terror from the skies. Maybe these giant flying creatures, if they really existed stopped in on their way to someplace else?

Photo 2: Costa Rican gold figures show reptilian monsters, dragons, dinosaurs–or crocodiles if you believe the hype; one with a warrior in his mouth, A.D. 1-500. .The size represented as well as the height of the “monsters” contra-indicate a crocodile or an alligator identification.
Museo del Oro
.

Art from Costa Rica looks different than other Pre-colombian art. They were at the edge of the civilizations we call Aztec. Frequent themes of ancient Costa Rican and of its neighbors Nicaragua and the Honduras frequently featured birds, the jaguar, trophy heads and reptilian figures which science always neatly explains away.

One interesting artifact found all over pre-Columbian South and Central America is the stone metate which was used for grinding corn and other foodstuffs. Some of the metates of Costa Rica however, were especially ornate and included three dimensional figures like birds, “giant flying creatures”, “monkeys, jaguars, warriors and again saurians or reptilian figures.

The author has seen approximately 100 examples of these ancient stone metates and more than a handfull of them show represenatations of large “bat winged creatures”, attacking lions , monkey’s and/or men from above.

One can certainly argue about what each of these flying creatures represent; birds, pterosaurs or mythological creatures but certainly for some unknown reason it is clear that the Costa Rican’s imagined or witnessed attacks from giant flying creatures. Note that bats do not have the long bills represented. Some birds and some pterosaurs did or do…

Below we provide examples of several ancient Costa Rican stone metates with the features we’ve described. Our intial metate, Figure 1, displays one obvious pterosaur depiction attacking the head of a man. Our speculation that at least one pterosaur is being represented goes as far as to suggest that the head crest puts us in mind of an Azhdarchids an often giant pterosaur which includes the very large and difficult to spell; Quetzalcoatlus.

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Unearthing Europe’s Oldest Pyramid Complex: After Visit, Author Believes Them to Be Man Made

s8int.com, Science, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 04 2008


by Philip Coppens

Photo:The Pyramid of the Sun
In the past two years we have seen the pages of history slowly being rewritten, and Bosnia may soon lay claim to having the world’s oldest pyramids—which shouldn’t come as a surprise, seeing the area has the oldest European civilisation as well.

A new pyramid paradigm

Over the past 10 years, the old paradigm that pyramids could only be found in Egypt and Central America has been substituted by a new perspective, which is that pyramids are a global phenomenon and have been built by numerous civilisations in several ages. The Pyramid of Cholula in Mexico is now regarded as the largest, though not the tallest, and the pyramid complex at Caral in Peru is the oldest, conservatively dated to 3100 BCE. Most of these findings have received little to no media attention, and even many historians are unaware of these new facts. But one new pyramid complex has been in many headlines, even making appearances on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart: the Bosnian pyramids.

What was described by Stewart as the best thing to happen to Bosnia “since…ever” began in 2005, when Bosnian-born entrepreneur Semir “Sam” Osmanagic was shown the enigmatic Visocica hill that rises above the town of Visoko, near the capital Sarajevo. Could this be a pyramid? Osmanagic decided to invest in a preliminary geological survey, which concluded that further exploration of the structure was recommended.

Furthermore, when his own book on the Mayan pyramids fell open on a page showing a photograph of the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán, Mexico, Osmanagic thought the resemblance to be so similar that he decided to call Visocica “Pyramid of the Sun”, too, and the name has stuck. With this, the otherwise tranquil Visoko has become one of the most controversial archaeological sites in the world—controversial because just about everyone involved in pyramid research has given an opinion on the subject.

Geologist Dr Robert Schoch, who adheres to the theory that the Sphinx is thousands of years older than accepted, said he believes the structures to be natural formations. Dr Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, had to give his opinion as well, committing a number of faux pas along the way.

For example, when Dr Hawass was asked by Osmanagic to provide the name of an expert, he offered Dr Ali Barakat. A geologist, Dr Barakat meticulously investigated the structures for 42 days in 2006 and concludes that they are man-made. However, Dr Hawass pretended afterwards that he’d had nothing to do with the Bosnian saga!

Dr Barakat is not alone in speaking in favour of the man-made nature of Visocica and other apparent pyramids nearby. Archaeologist Dr Nabil Mohamed Swelim, holder of three PhDs and the discoverer of four pyramids in Egypt, visited the structures in September 2007 and he, too, concludes that they are man-made “pyramid hills”, as distinct from pyramids. A pyramid hill is a natural hill that is artificially enhanced to conform to the pyramid structure, whereas a pyramid is built from the bottom up.

There is also a growing and impressive list of scientists—mostly from Egypt, Eastern Europe and Russia—who conclude that these structures are man-made. But their voices, specifically in the western media, have gone unheard.

Indeed, the First International Scientific Conference, Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids (ICBP), held on 25–30 August 2008, received minimal exposure despite the participation of the likes of Dr Alaa Shaheen, archaeologist and Dean of the Faculty of Archaeology at Cairo University, Dr Hassan El-Saady, historian and Vice Dean of the Faculty of Arts at Alexandria University, Dr Mostafa El-Abbadi, founder of the modern library in Alexandria (the Bibliotheca Alexandrina) and Dr Mohamed Ibrahim Aly, Egyptologist and archaeologist in the Faculty of Arts at Ein-Shams University, Cairo.

Instead, the few reports in the western media focused on the critics, who labelled the conference “pseudo-scientific”. What equally was not reported is that invitations from Dr Swelim to the critics to attend were ignored by those critics.

A scientific crusade

The most avowed critic of the Bosnian pyramids in the western world is archaeology professor Anthony Harding, of the University of Exeter, UK. He voiced his opinion on the matter as early as April 2006, and drove around the town of Visoko for a few minutes in June that year, afterwards labelling the Visocica pyramid a natural formation. One might therefore think that the good professor had then moved on to other fields, but no.

Immediately after the ICBP in August 2008, Professor Harding approached some of those who made the official conclusion/ recommendation (which is that the site requires and warrants continued excavation), stating that the archaeological establishment has “condemned” the Bosnian pyramids as “a fraud”. Harding has never put any hard scientific facts on any table to support such a serious allegation.

In the program for the European Association of Archaeologists September 2008 Malta conference, he summed up the discovery as the “Bosnian pyramid fiasco”, which “has drawn attention to the way in which the creation of fictitious pasts can be used for political and nationalist ends”. Still, if Harding is so convinced that the pyramids are fraudulent, then why waste time pursuing the story let alone approaching some of the attendees?

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16th-Century Mapmaker’s Intriguing Knowledge

Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, The Flood of Noah, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Dec 03 2008

By David Brown
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, November 17, 2008

    Thanks to Aram for Forwarding

How was it that a German priest writing in Latin and living in a French city far from the coast became the first person to tell the world that a vast ocean lay to the west of the American continents? That is one of the bigger mysteries in the history of the Renaissance.

But it is not the only one involving Martin Waldseemueller, a map-making cleric whose own story is sufficiently obscure that his birth and death dates aren’t known for certain.

Waldseemueller appears to have also known something about the contours of South America’s west coast years before Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama and Ferdinand Magellan sailed around the bottom of the continent. History books record them as the first Europeans to bring back knowledge of the Pacific Ocean.

The evidence of this knowledge is in Waldseemueller’s world map of 1507, perhaps the most valuable of the 5 million maps owned by the Library of Congress. It was acquired for $10 million in 2003 and went on permanent display last year.

The map — in near-perfect condition and with no other known copies — is the oldest document that applies the label “America” to the land mass between Africa and Asia.

This was, of course, in honor of Amerigo Vespucci, a Florentine navigator who had sailed to the New World for the Portuguese. (His first name was Latinized to “Americus” and then feminized to “America.”) The act of naming was apparently Waldseemueller’s alone; there is no evidence that the term was in use at the time.

New research by John W. Hessler of the Library of Congress has made the mystery of Waldseemueller’s knowledge deeper and richer. But it hasn’t answered the biggest question: How did he know?

“There is some probability that Waldseemueller knew something that is no longer extant — information that we don’t have,” Hessler said.

The researcher, 48, brings a diverse set of skills to the task. He took Latin all through parochial school and college (at Villanova University) and reads the language fluently. He is an engineer by training and is equally fluent in the mathematics of cartography.

In a new book called “The Naming of America,” Hessler provides the first published translation of the map’s text blocks. He has also done a modern translation of Waldseemueller’s book, “Cosmographiae Introductio,” printed in 1507 in St. Die, France, where the cartographer was canon of the cathedral. Although Waldseemueller gets most of the credit for the map and the book, he had a collaborator, an Alsatian named Matthias Ringmann, who died in 1511.

In the largest block of text on the map, Waldseemueller writes that many things remained unknown to the ancients “in no slight degree; for instance, in the west, America, named after its discoverer, which is now known to be a fourth part of the world.” In “Cosmographiae,” he uses similar language: “The earth is now known to be divided into four parts. The first three parts are continents, but the fourth part is an island, because it has been found to be surrounded on all sides by sea.”

Hessler said he thinks the phrases “now known” and “has been found to be” are crucial. They suggest geographical knowledge that is confirmed and believed, at least in some circles.
The idea that this was a total guess is far-fetched,” he said.

The people who knew were most likely Portuguese explorers (or at least sailed under the Portuguese flag). It was valuable, and most likely secret, knowledge. How it got to a priest-cartographer working under the patronage of the duke of Lorraine is a good question.

Equally intriguing is the shape of South America.

Inscribed along the western edge of that land mass in the 1507 map are the words “terra ultra incognita” — land most unknown. But the border is not drawn as one long, ignorantly straight line. Instead, it is a series of straight lines meeting at shallow angles, implying a mixture of knowledge and uncertainty.

Using a technique called “polynomial warping,” Hessler re-projected the image and compared Waldseemueller’s continent with the real one.

There are many differences, of course. But the correlation is about 75 percent, and at two important places — near the equator and near the place in northern Chile where the coast veers sharply to the northwest — the width of Waldseemueller’s South America and the actual one are almost the same.

Things were perhaps not as ultra incognita as he let on.

That is not the end of the strangeness, however.

In the large text block on the map, Waldseemueller requests “that those who are inexperienced and unacquainted with cosmography shall not condemn all this before they have learned what will surely be clearer to them later on, when they have come to understand it.”

It is a plea. He knows his map is asking a lot.

In 1516, Waldseemueller published his second great map, called the Carta Marina. It shows South America no longer as an island. The continent disappears off the left of the page, implying it is attached to Asia, which is on the right edge.

Hessler has provided the first English translations of the second map’s text blocks. In one of them, Waldseemueller says: “We will seem to you reader, to have diligently presented and shown a representation of the world previously, which was filled with error, wonder and confusion. . . . Our previous representation pleased very few people, as we have lately come to understand.”

Was this a retraction? It sounds like it. Was a continental America heresy? Hessler said he has found no reason to think it was. So why would Waldseemueller change his new view of the world to an older one?

That’s just one more mystery of the mysterious map.

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