By Sharon Y. James, s8intcom 2007
Samuel Hubbard Jr. was born in San Francisco in May 1863, the son of Sam Hubbard and Sophie Hunt. In his teen years, Samuel Jr. spent his time hunting “rails” and other game as well as writing articles on the local flora and fauna for such publications as Zoe, A Biological Journal, The Game Birds of California and various publications of local Academies of Science.
In 1881 he entered U.C Berkeley where among other things he was a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity.
In 1883 at the age of twenty he left school and became President of the Samuel Hubbard Co. in Oakland, Ca. (or it may have been his father who was President) That company later became California Nitrate Development Co. which sought to exploit nitrates in Death Valley, Ca.
In 1896, at the age of 33 he traveled to the Grand Canyon where he made a series of incredible discoveries which should have turned post Darwinist science on its headĂ˘â‚¬â€ťif anyone would have believed him.
It would be another thirty years before he would have an opportunity to silence his critics and belittlers and provide scientific proof that his fantastic story was true; that man and dinosaurs had co-existed, that there was proof in two forms that giant humans had lived in the Canyon, including a petrified human giant, that elephants and ibexes had both lived in North America, in contravention of scientific knowledge of the day. That scientific proof would come in 1924–in the form of the Doheny Expedition, of which he was in charge.Ă‚Â
This story however is mostly about his initial trip to the Grand Canyon in 1896.
Charles W. Gilmore was only 22 and just beginning his scientific career when Hubbard wrote about his amazing discoveries in 1896.
By the time he joined the Doheny Expedition 30 years later, in 1924, he was as mainstream a scientist as one could be. He was at the time of the expedition one of the more influential figures in 20th Century vertebrate paleontology, and had worked at both the Carnegie Museum and the National Museum of Natural History, where he served as Curator of Vertebrate Paleontology.
His principal studies included work on Jurassic sauropods. In fact, he named dinosaurs in North America and Mongolia, including the Cretaceous sauropod Alamosaurus, Alectrosaurus, Archaeornithomimus, Bactrosaurus, Brachyceratops, Chirostenotes, Mongolosaurus, Parrosaurus, Pinacosaurus, Styracosaurus and Thescelosaurus1.
His dinosaur knowledge was to come in handy during the 1924 expedition but in 1986 Hubbard had no one in the scientific establishment like Gilmore to back him up.
Edward Laurence Doheny was 40 years old when Hubbard made his first trip to the Grand Canyon in 1896. Doheny was an American oil tycoon who had made $100,000,000 on just one group of oil leases at one point in his career and, so he had plenty of money to spend on a scientific expedition to the Grand Canyon to prove that Darwinism was wrong and that Samuel Hubbard was right. After all, he probably reasoned, God had been pretty good to him.
Following is Samuel HubbardĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s story of his 1896 Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“expeditionĂ˘â‚¬Âť to the Grand Canyon and of the many discoveries he made. At the time of the publication of his article on October 2, 1896 in the Los Angeles Times, he no doubt expected it to be received in the same way his articles for local ornithological publications such as Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“The CondorĂ˘â‚¬Âť had been received but instead he would find himself Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“a martyr seething in the fires of scientific contempt and derisionĂ˘â‚¬Âť2 for three decades.
Chicagoesque Tracks in the Old Red Sandstone
Alleged Proof that Men Twenty Feet Tall Lived in the Grand Canyon of the Colorado
Indian Dead Long Time Ago
Los Angeles Times, October 2, 1896
By Samuel Hubbard Jr.
Hubbard began recounting his tale with the following provocative intro:
Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Does anybody believe that there has been a race of gigantic men who were twelve to twenty feet high (who)ever lived in these United States of America? And yet the proof that such a race of people did live in this country is to be found in the Grand Canon of the Colorado River, in Northern Arizona. This proof consists of, first:Ă‚Â
Footprints in the red sandstone. Footprints that appear to have been made by the moccasined feet of gigantic men. Men whose tracks measured twenty inches in length, and who stepped five feet at a stride.
The second proof is that there is the petrified body of such a man likewise in the red sandstone of the Grand Canon District. This body was that of a living, breathing man, but after death the flesh was replaced by lime or silica, held in solution in the water.
There is ample evidence that nature was able to perform this feat, as the petrifying process is being carried on in the canon to this day.
The third fact is that there is, and was, a strong and almost universal tradition among the ancient people of Mexico and Peru that such a race of giants lived in their country.
Perhaps it is almost too much to call this proof, but it is at least corroborative testimony.
Now, aside from the interest which attaches to these tracks on account of their size, there is a geological puzzle involved which will set scientific men to thinking. The tracks of men and animals in the red sandstone of the carboniferous period are more than a geological puzzle; it is a geological crime.Ă˘â‚¬Âť
Biographical sources: Internet & Wikipedia
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