by ETGAR LEFKOVITS
Photo: Professor Feuerverger Backs Up a Bit
Several prominent scholars who were interviewed in a bitterly contested documentary that suggests that Jesus and his family members were buried in a nondescript ancient Jerusalem burial cave have now revised their conclusions, including the statistician who claimed that the odds were 600:1 in favor of the tomb being the family burial cave of Jesus of Nazareth, a new study on the fallout from the popular documentary shows.
The dramatic clarifications, compiled by epigrapher Stephen Pfann of the University of the Holy Land in Jerusalem in a paper titled Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Cracks in the Foundation: How the Lost Tomb of Jesus story is losing its scholarly support,Ă˘â‚¬Âť come two months after the screening of The Lost Tomb of Christ that attracted widespread public interest, despite the concomitant scholarly ridicule.
The film, made by Oscar-winning director James Cameron and Emmy-winning Canadian filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici, prompted major criticism from both a leading Israeli archeologist involved in the original dig at the site as well as Christian leaders, who were angered over the documentaryĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s contradictions of main tenets of Christianity.
But now, even some of the scholars who were interviewed for and appeared in the film are questioning some of its basic claims.
The most startling change of opinion featured in the 16-page paper is that of University of Toronto statistician Professor Andrey Feuerverger, who stated those 600 to one odds in the film. Feuerverger now says that these referred to the probability of a cluster of such names appearing together.
PfannĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s paper reported that a statement on the Discovery ChannelĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s Web site, which previously read Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“a statistical study commissioned by the broadcastersĂ˘â‚¬Â¦concludes that the probability factor is 600 to 1 in favor of this being the tomb of Jesus of Nazareth and his family,Ă˘â‚¬Âť in keeping with FeuervergerĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s statement, has been altered and now reads, Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“a statistical study commissioned by the broadcastersĂ˘â‚¬Â¦ concludes that the probability factor is in the order of 600 to 1 that an equally Ă˘â‚¬ËśsurprisingĂ˘â‚¬â„˘ cluster of names would arise purely by chance under given assumptions.Ă˘â‚¬Âť
Another sentence on the same Web site stating that Feuerverger had concluded it was highly probable that the tomb, located in the southeastern residential Jerusalem neighborhood of Talpiot, was the Jesus family tomb Ă˘â‚¬â€ś the central point of the film Ă˘â‚¬â€ś has also been changed. It now reads: Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“It is unlikely that an equally surprising cluster of names would have arisen by chance under purely random sampling.Ă˘â‚¬Âť
Israeli archeologists have said that the similarity of the names found inscribed on the ossuaries in the cave to the members of JesusĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s family was coincidental, since many of those names were commonplace in the first century CE.
The film argues that 10 ancient ossuaries Ă˘â‚¬â€ś burial boxes used to store bones Ă˘â‚¬â€ś that were discovered in Talpiot in 1980 contained the bones of Jesus and his family. The filmmakers attempt to explain some of the inscriptions on the ossuaries by suggesting that Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene, and that the couple had a son, Judah.
One of the ossuaries bears an inscription reading Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Yeshua son of YehosefĂ˘â‚¬Âť or Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Jesus son of Joseph;Ă˘â‚¬Âť a second reads Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Mary;Ă˘â‚¬Âť a third is a Greek inscription apparently read by one scholar as Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Mary Magdalene;Ă˘â‚¬Âť while a fourth bears the inscription, Ă˘â‚¬Ĺ“Judah, son of Jesus.Ă˘â‚¬Âť The inscriptions are in Hebrew or Aramaic, except for the one in Greek.
But Shimon Gibson, who was part of the team that excavated the tomb two and half decades ago and who appeared in the film, is quoted in PfannĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s report as saying he doubted the site was the tomb of Jesus and his family.