Archive for November 30th, 2006

Antikythera Mechanism: 2,000 year-old Calculator That Just Didn’t Add Up

s8int.com, Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, Uncategorized, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Nov 30 2006

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A 3D image of the device showing how the dials and gears might have worked

It was sunk with a wrecked ship in 80BC, found by divers in 1900 and until now has baffled scientists.

But the secrets of the Antikythera mechanism have finally been unlocked テ「竄ャ窶 and scientists claim it is more valuable than the Mona Lisa.

The device is a complex arrangement of more than 30 bronze gears, wheels and dials, and is at least 1,000 years ahead of its time.

Remnants of a case containing the pieces (one is pictured below) were found in a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera in 1900.

In June this year, physicists used X-rays to read inscriptions and identified it as a clock-like astronomical calendar. But the precise function remained an enigma.

Now, after painstaking reconstruction, physicists say it could track astronomical movements with remarkable precision.

It was also able to follow the movements of the Moon and the Sun, predict eclipses and even recreate the irregular orbit of the Moon.

It may have predicted the positions of some of the planets. Lead researcher Prof Mike Edmunds, from Cardiff University, said: ‘The design is beautiful, the astronomy is exactly right. The way the mechanics are designed makes your jaw drop. Whoever has done this has done it extremely well.’

The findings, published in Nature, suggest Greek technology was far more advanced than previously thought. No other civilisation created anything as complicated for another 1,000 years.

Other marvels from the past…

- The Pyramids: In the 3rd millennium BC, there were no cranes or diggers. But the Egyptians managed to create 110 structures reaching 146m high

- The Incas: The South American empire lasted just 100 years from 1438AD, but built 22,530km of road

- Aztecs: They lived in Central America in the 14th to 16th centuries with education and religion

- Stonehenge: The Druids moved huge rocks 320km from Wales to Salisbury, Wiltshire, in the Neolithic and Bronze Age テ「竄ャ窶 and put them on top of each other

- A 14cm clay battery was found near the Iraqi capital Baghdad. It appears to be 2,000 years old

Bye Bye Darwin

Church of Darwin, Religious, Science, Uncategorized, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Nov 30 2006

Many Christians take evolution as a given which can not be challenged and is not worth bothering with. The facile response that God could have worked his ways through evolution or any way he pleased is totally thoughtless.

It goes against the core of Christianity, Judaism and even Islam. All religious people who hold the Bible as a sacred book and who follow its precepts know that God is the source of life.

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…..If God did not intervene in manテ「竄ャ邃「s creation, then where did the soul come from? Is there a gene in man which created the soul?

If man is just an advanced mutation, he can not have a soul, he can not have the gift of everlasting life which is what religion teaches us. Evolution is therefore the enemy of everything that religion teaches us.

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……..What does it take to create a successful gene? Letテ「竄ャ邃「s take one example – DNA Polymerase III. This is the main gene involved in DNA replication in one celled organisms. This gene is made up of seven sections each 300 to over 1000 amino acids long. Now what are the odds of through random mutation such a gene arising?

Letテ「竄ャ邃「s see we would need a chain some 2000 amino acids long with the proper amino acid (one of 20) in each link.

Now the chances of this occurring, even if we were to agree that there can be some amino acid substitution at each position, letテ「竄ャ邃「s say one of any 5 could fit in each one and still be effective (this is very optimistic and gives lower odds than in reality) the odds would still be 4 to the 2000th power.

That yields a number larger than a 1 with some 1500 zeros behind it. An evolutionist would say given enough generations and enough individuals, such a thing could happen. The answer is an absolute no.

In a species that replicated on a daily basis for the last 3.5 billion years since life is supposed to have begun on earth there would have been 1,277,500,000,000 generations. That takes care of 12 zeros, we still need to get rid of 1488.

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