Archive for June 9th, 2005

Water World

Science | Posted by Chris Parker
Jun 09 2005

Long before Alexander the Great founded Alexandria, a number of cities dotted that part of the northern coast of Egypt. Thanks to a French-Egyptian underwater survey conducted off the coast of Abu Qir Bay, we now know more about three of these cities. …..

….Goddio explained that the new discovery lay six kilometres from the coastline where the remains of another entire submerged city, Menouthis, have been found. These cover an area of nearly 1.5 square kilometres, in a remarkable state of preservation.

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Ancient Redwoods Of The Far North

Science, The Flood of Noah | Posted by Chris Parker
Jun 09 2005

Many who believe in the Great Flood believe that prior to the flood the earth was covered with a vapor canopy which created a “greenhouse effect”, raising the temperature, increasing oxygen levels, blocking harmful solar radiation and in short created a perfect growing environment for plants and animals–all this worldwide

TerraDaily
Baltimore – Mar 21, 2002

Once upon a time, Axel Heilberg Island was a very strange place. Located within the Arctic Circle north of mainland Canada, a full 8/9ths of the way from the equator to the North Pole, the uninhabited Canadian island is far enough north to make Iceland look like a great spot for a winter getaway, and today there’s not much to it beyond miles of rocks, ice, a few mosses, and many fossils.

The fossils tell of a different era, though, an odd time about 45 million years ago when Axel Heilberg, still as close to the North Pole as it is now, was covered in a forest of redwood-like trees known as metasequoias. Hope Jahren, an assistant professor of earth and planetary sciences in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at The Johns Hopkins University, recently published results that partially demystified Axel Heilberg’s vanished forests.

Jahren and colleague Leo Sternberg of the University of Miami uncovered evidence that the Axel Heilberg’s forests probably received equatorial water and warmth from a prehistoric weather pattern unlike anything in existence today.

Other challenging mysteries remain, including how a forest could develop given the sunlight it would receive on Axel Heilberg. Because of its closeness to the North Pole both now and in the time of the redwoods, Axel Heilberg spends four months of each year in continuous sunlight and four months of each year in continuous darkness.

“We don’t have plants that can survive under those conditions today, let alone forests,” Jahren says. “For a tree to endure four months of daylight is like you or I going without sleep for four months.” Through a grant from the Andrew Mellon Foundation, Jahren’s research group has made three summer visits to Axel Heilberg, excavating hundreds of fossil metasequoias. The fossils are immaculately well-preserved.

“Some of this stuff looks about like driftwood on the beach, but it’s 45 million years old,” Jahren says. “These fossils are chemically preserved at a level you usually would expect to see in something that’s only 1,000 years old.” That’s ideal for Jahren, who studies the presence of isotopes of elements like carbon, nitrogen and oxygen in living and fossilized plants. Isotopes are forms of an element that differ only by the addition of one or more subatomic particles known as neutrons. Different isotopes of the same element have different mass, which affects the way plants use them.

Jarhen, the winner of last year’s Geological Society of America Donath Medal for most promising young scientist, studies the isotopes to learn more about plants’ relationship to weather and climate change. In her group’s first major Axel Heilberg results, published in the January issue of the Geological Society’s “GSA Today,” they measured the presence of isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen in the fossilized metasequoias.

“The wood of any tree growing anywhere records fairly faithfully the oxygen and hydrogen chemistry of the water the plant has access to through precipitation,” Jahren explains. “And there’s a great deal of difference between the chemistry of water that arrives at a certain location after being transported [in evaporated form] great distances over land versus the chemistry of water that arrives at a place after being transported over water or not being transported very far.”

Jahren and co-author Sternberg chemically compared the fossil isotope levels with those found in water in contemporary precipitation patterns over great distances of forested lands in the Amazon. They were able to show that water traveling from near the equator almost due north across the continents to the vicinity of Axel Heilberg would have oxygen and hydrogen isotope signatures that matched those found in the fossils.

While it might seem mind-boggling to have the equator watering the north pole, Jahren notes that other major climatological differences at the time included the lack of a north polar ice cap. “It’s very hard to explain the isotope chemistry of the precipitation using any other model of water transport,” Jahren says. “So we think we’ve basically solved a piece of the puzzle.”

As for the other major piece of the puzzle — survival of the trees through extended periods of light and dark — Jahren’s group is working to see if the isotope chemistry of the fossils can help them learn how the metasequoias’ metabolism compared to those of contemporary plants. “Did they function similarly to how plants function now?” Jahren asks. “Or did they have strategies that plants either no longer have or no longer employ? Were they fundamentally different? These fossils are really forcing us to expand our ideas of how ecosystems can work.”

Kanas Lake Monsters Spotted

Crypto, Science | Posted by Chris Parker
Jun 09 2005

2005-6-9 16:50:04 CRIENGLISH.com

2 legendary Kanas Lake monsters have been recorded by 7 Beijing tourists. 7 Beijing tourists recorded 2 legendary Kanas Lake Monsters when cruising the lake.

The witnesses saw and filmed two black monsters jump out of the water and then rapidly swam to center of the lake. Witnesses said that each monster was about 10 meters long. The local government is currently investigating the account.

Kanas Lake is located on Altai Mountain in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous region, and is the biggest mountain lake in China. It is famous for its beauty and Lake monster.

Historian Paul Johnson on Darwinian Fundamentalists

Church of Darwin, Science, Uncategorized | Posted by Chris Parker
Jun 09 2005

By: Paul Johnson
Forbes
June 20, 2005

Of all the fundamentalist groups at large in the world today, the Darwinians seem to me the most objectionable. They are just as strident and closed to argument as Christian or Muslim fundamentalists, but unlike those two groups the Darwinians enjoy intellectual respectability.

Darwinians and their allies dominate the scientific establishments of the West. They rule the campus.

Their militant brand of atheism makes them natural allies of the philosophical atheists who control most college philosophy faculties.

They dominate the leading scientific magazines and prevent their critics and opponents from getting a hearing, and they secure the best slots on TV.

Yet the Darwinian brand of evolution is becoming increasingly vulnerable as the progress of science reveals its weaknesses. One day, perhaps soon, it will collapse in ruins.

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True Suppressions 2: “Ancient Civilisations: Six Great Enigmas”

Science, Sophistication of Ancestors, Unexplained Artifact | Posted by Chris Parker
Jun 09 2005

“We stand today at an unprecedented turning point in human history. In recent years two versions of ancient history have formed. One, we shall call ‘alternative’ history, the other we shall refer to as ‘official’ history.

The former ponders over a variety of anomalies and tries to make sense out of the corpus of evidence, i.e., the pyramids and timelines, why they were built, by whom and when. The latter conducts digs, catalogues pottery shards, and tries to defend its proposal there are no enigmas, and virtually everything is explained.

At one point perhaps as late as fifteen years ago these two camps seem to be engaged in an informal dialogue. That all changed after,

1) the Great Sphinx redating controversy caught Egyptologists off guard and, 2) the impact of Chris Dunn’s book The Giza Power Plant: Technologies of Ancient Egypt at the end of the last decade.

There is no more dialogue and no more polite, gloves on debate. The proponents of ‘official’ history have taken an increasingly political and ideological approach to the issue. They now do little more than offer pronouncements of the historical ‘truth’ on the one hand, and denounce of all those who dare challenge officialdom on the other.

In this context we offer evidence that our ‘scholars’, the gatekeepers who control our institutions of ‘higher learning’, refuse to consider”. …. by Will Hart & Robert Berringer

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